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手植记:神奇的小米君

手植记:神奇的小米君

  神奇的小米6 U1 H5 A8 {6 D5 c! b7 D+ r- n, x

0 R1 {4 }6 A: x- z& Z! r% e8 [  在农产品当中,最时尚的当属小米,除了在智能界占有一席之地,古今大事上也都有它的身影,甚至还影响了当今世界格局。
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  乾隆爷心头好。$ u- ?0 h" t( c% {. G0 R0 _( W
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  相传乾隆皇帝出巡,路经章丘,西关高如恂接驾献“龙米金汤”,乾隆皇帝见这小米粥色泽莹润,黄澄澄金灿灿,煞是可爱。当下食指大动,尝着果真香甜可口。后又得知此乃龙山特产之粟米,性凉味甘,以之煮粥,食益丹田,补虚损,开肠胃,乃滋养上品,乾隆皇帝龙颜大悦,当下封其为贡米,岁岁供奉朝廷。龙山小米为清代全国四大贡米之一,被誉为“龙米”。
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  红军长征之步枪标配。
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6 c  ^! Z; d8 x  都说小米加步枪,可抗战为什么靠的是小米加步枪呢而不是大米或小麦呢?因为小米体积小,营养高,而且还很瓷实,吃一小碗包你半天不觉饿,不像大米,吃的再多一会就空了。小米 <http://www.xiaomifood.com/>在任何贫瘠的土地上都能生长,具有极强的生命力。过去女人生完孩子都要喝小米粥,就是因为小米的补养效果特别好,维持生命五谷中首选的是小米,怪不得以前红军打天下,用的是小米加步枪,没它就没有新中国。8 g. X% ?* R$ N  O9 k, l& v

' l6 ~! Y# t+ R* a! f1 U  B  航天员常吃身体倍儿棒。
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  很少有人知道小米粥也是航天食品之一,航天这种特殊环境中食品必须包含足够和完善的科学营养,为此营养学家衡量了上千种产品为航天员搭配食谱。特别是飞行中的航天员尤其需要补充营养,比如神舟十号航天员过端午节就吃粽子,喝小米粥。. W# k+ P" Z( d( G2 k' e1 i9 z$ O

+ @" A( `- f1 K  连IPHONE都怕的手机。' s. W$ c+ }" r; p- H% U. J( ^

4 M$ V* J& e$ f* R# ~  I  野传雷军因为爱喝小米粥而将心爱的手机命名为小米,事后还找了一大堆牵强附会的解释什么Mobile Internet、mission impossible、省点儿心之类欲盖弥彰这一事实,结果没被说服的网友就扒出了雷军的LOGO其实是山寨某浏览器创意的故事,成了最不让小米省心的梗。但其实他真的只是爱喝小米粥啦。
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5 `# L" ?6 w8 L  Z0 j/ |5 P  公关经理复活剂。
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: l5 k, [2 s' ^  `0 K) M( G  “复活剂”这一概念由农产品电商手植记首次提出,小米的除胃热湿气、开胃健脾,对经常加班、忙碌的广告人恢复体力补充能量非常有好处,手植记对小米高营养和滋补功效的赞美之情溢于言表,因此给予其复活剂的称号,号召所有年轻人在跟随时代步伐的同时,更要关心自己的身体。
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  手植记是由一群苦逼80广告人创办的以快递精神&食粮为主题的农产品电商品牌,最初是为了给大伙寻找一点原生态食材作为福利,后来逐渐演变成一种精神鼓励。为了在房子车子逼婚的压力下,给8090人奔三的路上添一点小甜蜜。四位主创还开启手植之旅,徒步访问农户寻找原生态食材,限量采购发售。
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  ①正是因为有了小米,乾隆才成为中国历史上最长寿的皇帝。; y1 F& X0 B( C
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  ②正是因为有了小米,解放军才打出了新中国。
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1 }1 K0 }0 \9 r5 d: z. e7 o  ③正是因为有了小米,中国航天事业才突飞猛进。8 t5 f3 r2 ^1 p% S* ^

# S5 T7 O8 j1 A1 E  ④正是因为有了小米,雷军才发明了小米。
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  ⑤正是因为有了小米,广告人才不再惧怕加班。
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3 P! {- ^* ^: r6 e/ G0 \  手植记8 u$ J. o2 p% ?

& }+ I" l8 d! k4 L' t# k3 m  我们快乐&精神食粮
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  为生活寻找原生态食材

A: A! [9 U/ b4 ~8 W) w
HISTORY
  V1 ^2 z( R0 g8 d0 P7 w2 j& |. gOF
8 A* w) y& E$ A7 G$ Y. i' R3 UKNOWLEDGE
) Z' X2 i( n9 W1 UPast, Present, and Future7 [+ S$ i; O4 T" J
Charks Van Dorm& b* ~1 p9 a* e" T4 K

- V) Y- [$ f' C2 i4 f' ~
/ ]5 ]6 r' ^$ z0 h
: j" u3 U. t+ S3 f9 i# zBallantine Books ? New York
  Q5 Q1 e% d, _2 l/ t. J! a6 i8 B! R& S9 U3 a
Contents) E4 t4 t) Q  x, D& I" n: ?( Y
Acknowledgments
. Y( m9 i% B! w3 k0 @& _) P2 \- sAuthor to Reader' P/ g/ s+ G( T/ M
Progress in Knowledge xv
- J: V1 R- p$ z, V6 W5 U- h% bKinds of Progress in Knowledge xvi+ Y3 H6 b8 v6 `4 a3 ^" L% W$ a
Universal History xvi
  ?$ M: ]/ k7 G- W9 TPrimitive Man xviii6 ^4 D; ~. I% F# F  F% W5 {
Knowledge of Particulars xix5 h  j5 m' G# w! l8 @: }
General Knowledge xix
0 y6 X( G6 P$ k9 PCertain Knowledge xxi/ W; J  l6 \  E8 h
Knowledge and Happiness xxiii
2 w+ y) C  o% |Outline of the Book xxiii- ~' s$ Q+ Y! J; G
1. Wisdom of the Ancients
4 C- E/ Q0 m, H! {: p' }Egypt 4. c& |! H: o0 {3 E, V& ]
India 6) ?3 y( p, V8 R
China 7) Z/ W% a7 d% Q' S  ?
Mesopotamia 9) F$ i  f4 k: u- O6 O" ?: m! `
Aztec and Inca 11
3 J% T; Y  A8 W8 {Human Sacrifice 13
$ ^2 [' n0 H: w7 K, v+ X$ qJudaism 15
- K0 _  @( q  k9 W1 gChristianity 16
% p  Z; c1 E; I" K. XJudaism and Christianity Compared 18
% e5 t3 {! J! E/ ^Islam 19
" P, `; a& R+ a/ _Judeo-Christianity and Islam Compared
, b7 t7 Z: ]6 P: ZBuddhism 21
, i; n3 ^% F* E" o: e0 L0 c3 H; ALessons from the Past 23
; j( t+ `3 U+ q. ^9 ~! L9 K- hAlphabets 25$ r- O; _4 G# ]9 e1 L- |
Zero 27
+ ^4 u6 T/ ~( l2 R( V3 F! e* E9 }2. The Greek Explosion; w/ V  I, W& `
The Problem of Thales 30+ k$ L- t3 I! {1 x
The Invention of Mathematics:
+ _3 R8 p) e; Z7 p+ ], nThe Pythagoreans 34
; i! N4 E  m$ R( y/ W% aVll: s- A# ~2 N. d1 ~
V l l l Contents
1 Z4 |0 n# G8 g9 {( ]The Discovery of Atomic Theory:
# K* s9 h0 F# t6 f! e- K) X8 Z7 w$ {Democritus 385 o# m5 @3 W- q3 ~, L: U
The Problem of Thales:
$ w7 _5 p' L1 I( n  n2 sThe Ultimate Solution 41
" r6 y9 b" \% Y1 w$ L. RMoral Truth and Political Expediency:* B; `: T' c4 P' K) d
Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle 42: d7 P3 {* v6 M
The Fallacy of the Consequent 44
% y3 e: Z4 Q1 k2 C7 g& D; U% h2 zGreece versus Persia: The Fruitful Conflict
. A0 Z5 N; g& m7 BThe Tragedy of Athens 511 @7 k$ v3 D7 y  Q& X; \& g, H
Herodotus, Thucydides, and the Invention( ^7 M! I9 B8 z
of History 53
* ]% I8 v5 E1 |2 ]% _The Spirit of Greek Thought 56$ Z. s6 q$ H+ b  l  b5 X1 ~
3. What the Romans Knew
5 D0 x2 O* c" L% n8 hGreek Theory, Roman Practice 654 e7 i' l0 p- Y+ m) h, v% j
Law, Citizenship, and Roads 67; O+ ]6 J; _0 K
Lucretius 70$ F# }  ~! u" F9 i! r
Cicero 72
  l, l) p  I! o0 E" QSeneca 77" n3 L$ w* F0 C1 l$ f0 j
Tacitus 81
- e! F  K  z/ h% t6 }6 K+ SWhat the Romans Did Not Know 84% H' Y8 s6 {( z0 f9 L, Z
4. Light in the Dark Ages
4 [9 z# E7 q6 mThe Fall of Rome 86
* a- L; n, N# \# x" Z1 ^2 Z1 lPost-Roman Europe 88
: V" m' r- S* A7 X- K$ s$ KThe Triumph of Christianity:" t- J/ W+ Z6 C, S. t1 A
Constantine the Great 91
0 S+ D1 f% _8 |. u' YThe Promise of Christianity:, w( B8 E2 R* \- m1 A4 A6 M6 _
Augustine 92
, F/ V4 }9 k" M3 t( HAfter'the Fall 95. `8 _+ h( h0 B1 Q. a3 Z( A
5. The Middle Ages: The Great Experiment( h6 |* L7 h! L7 C" Y  s4 U6 G
The Struggle for Subsistence 98
/ I3 d7 {, q5 c: m7 FA World of Enemies 994 ]1 D& j( `& E7 m% f: R
The Problem of God 100
$ c7 w0 I/ k) E% tThe Science of Theology 100
, U% s9 w8 B$ n8 c: e& z/ PTheology in Other Religions 102- T8 M+ t7 W7 x5 B
Principles of Theocracy 103
1 b' y  K5 V  `/ `2 ?Empire and Papacy 105  ~2 m9 @& x" `6 R5 G) K
Monasticism 1061 A7 v9 P5 F' B
Crusaders 109, S6 y5 R4 a" }
Millennial Fears, Postmillennial7 Q# J6 y9 R2 O; _3 H3 N1 V4 _
Achievements 110+ Q4 J/ t& T1 h6 d5 ?! |
The Dispute about Truth 112, B# q" K' j+ B
Boethius 113
5 z9 Y0 x" Y) ]  Y& c  G- `Pseudo-Dionysius 1137 k8 H6 J+ d* @" i
Avicenna 114
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Peter Abelard 115
; s1 C( n$ o9 `- o% k$ PBernard of Clairvaux 116
' f4 N9 o1 _' C# L. Y6 N6 HAverroes 117. I: v+ ]: \7 L! t% x
Thomas Aquinas 119! f( U/ R. P( o9 }0 h3 b' \
The Pyrrhic Victory of Faith over Reason 1228 m# s- C5 V" P0 S* k! q) `
Dante's Dance 124* L& Z! _7 i" H1 s# z- Q5 l
6. What Was Reborn in the Renaissance?$ T) o4 _* P% M9 F2 |
The New Style in Painting: Perspective 1282 t! W, R: b6 P$ M1 k" \7 Y) e
Man in the Cosmos 129
" R/ J1 g' ~* }" m; ^; }( dThe Revival of Classical Learning: Petrarch 130) L4 @9 c9 |4 x8 c, d: Z& c
Inventing the Renaissance: Boccaccio 132; ?* z  }  |+ @  M9 y- Y
The Renaissance Man 1343 W7 ~! P9 t7 e7 f( E7 M
Renaissance Men: Leonardo, Pico, Bacon 137
( T0 y$ @% ~3 Y0 }+ VThe Renaissance Man and the Ideal of Liberal
2 }+ P5 _, H  A! Z( y. [Education 141
& }# p# e5 G: tRenaissance Humanism 142
+ \+ ]5 |3 Z& t6 K; Z9 _$ o* f1 tMontaigne 1446 x& a8 z1 X/ b! X: o# x
Shakespeare 146: h2 C3 M. {. S) N; c5 o! K
Cervantes 148: ]$ C* f8 d0 v6 j
The Black Death 151# L5 j+ d" N7 @0 T: \! ]$ P( a
Gutenberg's Achievement 1537 R3 C& B0 }  V. p3 r% }3 `- C1 o6 P+ ~
Renaissance Cities 155
& {' u7 F+ K9 @1 V' z6 i8 RNation-States 156
$ N2 L' J8 o$ A9 O+ h$ AThe Crisis of the Theocratic State 158
- t' I  O7 u$ ~2 f  A2 |Erasmus 1596 [$ s# h6 H+ _# f7 s
Thomas More 160$ T- d! {2 U3 [4 A/ x
Henry VIII 1611 i! x# @- F3 c' C; v" v
Martin Luther 163  W# x7 x9 A: k0 c( S; j3 ?
Tolerance and Intolerance 165
# ^* Y4 @8 e8 i' PMan at the Center 166
1 U2 Y1 U, G3 y9 r; ^5 w  n  ?$ P7. Europe Reaches Out
. C3 d& Z- I& F( r! Q* p* P) QMongol Empires 169
+ k/ \5 C! O! X+ KMarco Polo 170
- z8 f. n! X; ^. jVoyages of Discovery 172
) ]" d" t3 S, ?0 C- O. dColumbus 174
: M7 ]; \% d% V* ]* n/ jSailing Around the World 177* h: U1 I, |1 Q
The Birth of World Trade 178
' e: \5 B+ d+ z8 S5 {Trade in Ideas 179
7 T& k- P# `% o' ^Homage to Columbus 182! _2 r/ x8 z( m; V7 X0 P
8. The Invention of Scientific Method; C/ ~7 e$ p8 U9 O
The Meaning of Science 184
. k7 V3 Y' ?: d2 J( lThree Characteristics of Science 187  t3 v$ Y1 F+ P- [# D0 x
Aristotelian Science: Matter 190
( E. X5 V/ e, o' \0 eAristotelian Motion 191; ^9 |' J& R2 F
Contents) V# ~. N4 W1 d5 {$ P  F2 X
The Revolt Against Aristotle 192, n  l* G) d! q
Copernicus 195
$ \1 X4 E6 s, O5 S  X* L- lTycho Brahe 196
# W0 L; y8 U4 I! _, d3 i( `Gilbert 197
/ r, m+ Y: J! ?+ Q3 c- W4 d& P( t/ IKepler 1989 q) }% q  F9 H, I* H+ \& s
Galileo 199
1 O8 i0 d( I$ ~& W5 VDescartes 203
; V7 g# e3 |+ L* G5 G  gNewton 205# l8 P; n; ^! ?' l
Rules of Reason 209$ f& A! f5 K) @* u9 Y1 Z
The Galilean-Cartesian Revolution 211
0 c2 g6 ]# d! m2 L) |# E9. An Age of Revolutions 213! H1 I- \$ m' r: u: g; E
The Industrial Revolution 2136 G) N+ c" r! v* V! ~( x
Human Machines and Mechanical Humans 214
! }9 ^2 A7 P* |( k7 mAn Age of Reason and Revolution 2166 j' G' Y/ ?6 v; R$ g5 u6 n) y
John Locke and the Revolution of 1688 218! v8 z0 [/ k7 j$ ?* F
Property, Government, and Revolution 220
" X- {0 t  @& l% W) Z; k: Y* n. ]Two Kinds of Revolution 222
) C5 [% c* N; i+ V6 o4 A0 mThomas Jefferson and the Revolution
; [: O5 [/ Q+ X/ `: r2 y( ]; {( {of 1776 2239 f5 t! F, b5 M! b+ W% L# A
The Declaration of Independence 224
9 Q+ f7 Q# E0 n' l+ ~Property in Rights 226
$ ], P7 L) f+ j. ~% ?/ CRobespierre, Napoleon, and the Revolution
/ w% \9 f4 d& g$ B1 N( @of 1789 228
7 f3 R0 y- ~6 e/ i3 I' m, DThe Rise of Equality 232/ d# L$ m# O9 M) h  F$ y
Mozart's Don Giovanni 2347 t8 W3 J" F* Y3 X$ l: c! C$ D/ ]
Goethe's Faust 238' n% @: s* H3 A
10. The Nineteenth Century: Prelude to Modernity 243+ R+ C0 }) |( ?* J9 C/ S
The Difference Money Makes 244
" e( v4 [3 Q) y4 B1 u3 TEconomic Life Before 1800: The Peasant 245
; @/ ?2 d$ V6 D% BThe Lord 247
) p: i# l2 b/ A! aThe Cleric 248
# t6 h' B0 c' \2 FThe King 248; b0 F5 l0 r# b" j9 U5 R/ W
The Merchant 2498 ~: h. M( j! J+ \
The Rise of the Labor Market: Economics 251# V  o8 a3 Q, q0 h6 \% H
Faustian Development 2559 b4 W3 K7 C9 ?' L* z4 G
Marxism: Theory and Practice 2572 ~% _+ R2 ?1 {0 ]
Marxian Insights 261
. F+ U5 e* ~; b8 OEconomic Facts: Steam Power 264
& \. [7 q' b0 \3 b$ EEquality in the Muzzle of a Gun 2669 Z: I- b9 i% F; N. x) f
The Magic of Electricity 269
8 i. C# C- |" G$ s# L: t" M! RMagical Mathematics 271
$ Q2 @# Q; T" m& Z: LNew Ways of Seeing 273* ~1 i# q6 M5 i: _" Z7 E9 k$ F
The End of Slavery 2754 _+ k: U# O5 u* C$ b" X& v/ M
Shocking the Bourgeoisie 278
2 J$ Z0 S7 L1 E$ z* L" a, H  ^$ KDarwin and Freud 2808 e7 k. O4 J: d. ^$ f- b* S
Contents XI
# E% \$ h' x3 [, I11. The World in 1914 284
4 |$ E- F6 k. y8 \/ [Economic Divisions 284
9 V0 W. v" B( a. R0 y# G/ N. h- ^The Study of War 285
: j( G2 N8 H6 H. \# S  iColonialism 287$ W* v, S$ F! q7 h7 Q* ?0 a
The Boer War 289
: \0 T# x7 X: G1 W" D4 W& l" W: UThe Powder Keg of Europe 2893 m' u) d7 T5 |8 [  E# S7 v
Character of the 1914-1918 War 291
- ?3 L  ~) c+ y; EThoughts on War and Death 292
& }; U  ~# g7 r& q% y: w/ SCauses of War 2952 _1 t1 G8 n" C. {! U$ v" s/ p
12. The Twentieth Century: The Triumph of 'Democracy 297
; a- t) z. c& h! oThe Progress of Democracy 299
& j4 B) Q+ x  P% ~5 {1 J3 I; uCommunism 3041 u3 }/ J; v3 g! m* ?. K
Totalitarianism 307
# j$ X  i& i8 D$ A. Y3 a1 fTheocracy in the Twentieth Century 3118 F, F( q: j# R( j  l7 V6 W& P
Economic Justice 313' R3 W4 t7 a6 F' j' ]
Why Not World Government? 314
8 p7 i3 P3 I/ J: C1 ROne World, One Human Race 317
9 P$ m5 P) @1 r13. The Twentieth Century: Science and Technology 3218 ~2 U5 V/ _+ h& e) ^. ?8 E
Greek Atomic Theory 321
3 ?* d2 U7 n. e7 @The Revival of Atomic Theory 323" v' j2 X6 R+ z9 Q: I
What Einstein Did 3250 D8 `# w/ A4 x2 H8 E* s8 z4 J7 o
What the Bomb Taught Us 327% I3 m& u" x0 D5 E0 O; {  F6 u
The Problem of Life ' 328
/ W6 w7 H% u. z$ I5 c7 h( a4 t, D# EThe Science of Heredity 329
: B# W# M( ~! x/ B5 h8 ]! VHow DNA Works 330# O+ z# w5 T0 M
The Size of the Universe 332$ O0 H( d, ^$ V) ~* ]" S
Galaxies 332& F$ V+ i/ j# X$ C
The Smallness of Earth 334
; E0 d5 f8 j) }& J0 [! _; W' EThe Big Bang and the Primordial Atom 3343 @" {1 `& Y+ q9 C
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle 3371 `1 G7 `6 X5 h1 F
Uncertainties of Knowledge 338
  D$ r3 W* L$ i% y( MOne Giant Step 341. }8 ^6 U7 t: _- e% q4 v; I
Green Rebellion 342
* e; c4 C8 H" }" K* q$ D; i0 f% y7 @' t1 WThe Terrestrial Greenhouse 343$ F. E" w' z- }5 Q. r! L) F% ~
Digital Computers and Knowledge 3455 `0 v. [" h& c" k6 d5 Q- ]
Turing Machines 348
# j) x9 N7 D# LTechnological Dependence 350
: T. e' q1 f5 w/ _9 ?$ fTriumphs of Medicine 351
3 y0 G/ g5 L. c' X4 m7 qDrug Cultures 353
  s! B  G$ z$ E% d# W1 zThe AIDS Challenge 354
  V3 C; G) A) _& z/ Z9 ^7 Hxii Contents
) _+ D+ K- W- i- J8 t# |# l* S14. The Twentieth Century: Art and the Media 356, R: @+ o5 A6 N6 u
The Media and Their Messages 356; w/ }$ x* S, |& b
A Visual Revolution: Picasso, Braque, Cubism 359
6 N) O+ W5 `- h3 W5 ?+ JPollock, Rothko, and the Hexagonal Room 361  ]$ ^' B; r5 @
Urban Revolution:- R0 }$ C1 e) l- R( w# `. J
The Bauhaus and Le Corbusier 363+ I; E4 l' h; ?7 q$ B- A
Literary Prophets: Yeats 365% H% w9 |' e7 ~' B4 H
A Passage to India 366! ~* r$ R2 o  C+ O- o2 s  G
The Castle and the Magician 3674 N/ |  d; m9 {, O
Waiting for Godot 369 "! I  @- T/ k% v" R6 q9 l% a1 g
Mass Media and Education 370/ N1 W; y( q0 B' X, @
15. The Next Hundred Years 375
0 s) [' @) L: v; ?Computers: The Next Stage 3772 p( |2 b& I: e) r9 e% k( ]
The Moral Problem of Intelligent Machines 3795 l! _* |3 @- w, J& Y" E
Companion Computers 379
: Q* R! M7 Y5 QThe Birth of Thinking Machines 381+ O0 q; j7 D4 P, x
Three Worlds: Big, Little, Middle-sized 383
* h# d" b9 q2 Z. }5 ?Chaos, a New Science 384
/ N3 M/ o' V$ t" S2 g0 sMining Language: Ideonomy 386
+ l) C( m% S+ d: w2 tExploring the Solar System 387
$ z8 k$ e4 Q' K6 ~+ }The Message? 390
. e0 o8 X; O6 B$ e! e- tMan as a Terrestrial Neighbor 392
+ X4 E; Z& d5 gThe Gaia Hypothesis 395% k3 g& d( t+ P- j* `; s8 S( f
Genetic Engineering 397
0 `3 ~! A6 ~( V$ @( lEugenics 3987 C0 m2 G- |6 s' ]
Mapping the Genome 400
: r3 e  u/ ~( l% i, |- RDemocracy and Eugenics 402
& |& j7 K  B3 x6 c* t" \6 @* {6 nSpeed 4035 y; `' @: k& N( e' l& ~
Addictions 406
' n7 q7 K8 b8 \7 FWar in the Twenty-first Century 4085 ?/ V7 M# z& p1 n
Computer Revolt 4103 |0 ^- L# D' @, y2 ]7 G1 V- |
Index 413# [4 C: i2 M3 x9 w" H; k
Acknowledgments
" x: q  Z+ L- U7 ~' Q5 @; MTHIS BOOK is the result of a lifetime of reading, thinking, and talking.
! N; z9 R0 a/ J* K/ PIts seeds were planted nearly fifty years ago, when I was a student at
; c0 P! C7 m* d- [St. John's College and was introduced to the world of ideas by Scott4 f" U5 j2 t' \2 [  ?- y7 |
Buchanan, Jacob Klein, and Richard Scofield.
1 Y6 c, G* V4 a: X- t1 mI made my first acquaintance with the literature of universal history4 j0 U8 C6 @. }4 R" X
thirty years ago, when I was writing The Idea of Progress (Praeger, 1967).
$ o9 ?/ O! |! Q4 j' VMy mentor at the time—as he continues to be today—was Mortimer J.3 A) m  u4 L, x
Adler. We have discussed many of the themes treated here repeatedly over' X- p8 G" g/ q( I3 ?) O
the years, and he has given me many useful bibliographical suggestions.
# [& A7 ?) s. |. S. {- AWe have agreed on many points, and differed on others. His intellectual: E4 H. f7 y+ v+ v6 m! c
judgments are represented in many places in this book, usually without" R) _* k5 a, M( z5 r6 R& `' B/ N2 e
credit. I offer it here.
0 B( g+ p2 I5 w0 B/ c$ {# R) mStudents of the history of knowledge owe much to the work of F. J., k: ]. \. X- M3 A+ M) `/ t0 w& ]
Teggart and G. H. Hildebrand, whose carefully chosen collection of
* n* S6 \9 ?" ]- }classic readings, The Idea of Progress (University of California Press, 1949),* Q3 k1 w9 Y8 W1 H- R" M
is a consistently useful guide to works from three millennia.2 @. q, [+ ^5 V2 P) h% }$ u* z
For broad interpretations of this literature I am indebted to many
% o0 u& J- {/ _philosophical historians, from Ibn Khaldun to Oswald Spengler, from
" q3 l' z4 t) F& y4 _. |Arnold J. Toynbee to Fernand Braudel. The last, in particular, taught me3 ^5 J+ S4 O' w# ^
to pay close attention to the small details of everyday life, which tell us so7 n1 G, E$ ^4 g, I2 P
much about the way people live, whatever they say or write.
5 z, Q+ x9 E+ W( K3 k. m! r& CFor the history of science, I am indebted to various works by James
. y1 l4 c! \* VBurke (especially Connections, Little Brown, 1978), Herbert Butterfield# U: P1 j2 C. A1 s7 k. S3 `
(especially The Origins of Modern Science, Macmillan, 1951), and Erwin& V5 o* Z6 m: _3 V
Schrodinger (especially Nature and the Greeks, Cambridge, 1954)., G' V2 e* X. U& `; \2 ?3 q
Among anthropologists, I have learned most from Bronislaw Malinowski,+ q$ d% P4 J4 b- w* |2 F1 ]0 |4 u
Claude Levi-Strauss, and Lord Raglan, author of The Hero (Vintage,
0 r! T& k+ L& \% _) B1956). Robert L. Heilbroner's The Worldly Historians (Simon and Schuster,( B$ Z$ g. x7 I. e
1953, 1986) has helped me to understand and utilize a number of works in) ]' g% n/ Q6 E1 E; m) Q5 K4 F
economics.0 `) D8 Q4 _% L/ w
Every time I reread Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media
$ Z, d, K, q+ G0 e$ {1 n% E. j(McGraw Hill, 1965) I am again impressed by the power of his insights
9 Q5 P. w3 @& b6 r  Z4 r  m8 q. Tand the accuracy of his predictions.+ U, }9 \% `6 N' t% K: C
Xlll
+ A/ H# T- x: V( z0 jxiv Acknowledgments
* p* l# w  O' qNo recent book about the worldwide experience of modernity seems to me6 X) Y. x  ?# b! S
so thoughtful and provocative as Marshall Berman's All That Is Solid Melts Into
* _5 D, ^2 a  dAir (Simon & Schuster, 1982). I have not met its author, but I have engaged) z4 O/ L  {5 r% I! C9 Z
Professor Berman in many silent conversations in the watches of the night.$ ^1 X! {  ?1 Q) l" e
It was my brother, John Van Doren, who brought Berman's book to my8 B5 Z- X8 ?3 @/ q
attention; he also made me read for the first time, many years ago, John
- r. h$ ~; {. V' @  `9 P- rMasefield's perfect lyric of world history, "Cargoes." I am grateful for) _8 Y6 y' t1 a2 a* E- t# l# \7 z
these recommendations, among many others; for his thoughtful comments0 r+ q2 ?$ W& X7 a0 m
on parts of the manuscript; and for conversations over five decades,
, T& E: b6 p' |, T. j, ]8 y# o- jduring which I doubtless got more than I gave.
3 Z( P0 Z' B4 J  P; j1 ?I am grateful, indeed, to all my friends and seminar students over the1 z& N, E* L0 O" W( R
past six years who, in the course of discussions more or less formal and2 d0 r- A3 I4 E' z9 a1 _
more or less heated, have given me ideas and helped me to understand
$ r6 H4 n6 A+ {+ H8 ^2 f- Bpoints that had baffled or irritated me. They could not have known this at
+ m4 A1 F- u  ?+ k0 c7 |% }the time, nor could I now more precisely enumerate my debts.$ r; F( {5 ~" X' \; |& j
My twenty years as an editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica taught me
$ {  [& o" X% [much about many things. In particular I grew to have a profound respect not7 V/ O' E" F- a) E4 V+ W) ?" Z
only for my colleagues but also for the work that they produce. Hardly a day* m6 I/ ]9 _3 G5 D4 ^0 Z* B5 P
has passed when I have not consulted the Britannica on some matter, major
* x. `3 n1 S/ N! v3 A2 `) bor minor. I am well aware that the editors of Britannica have been engaged, D8 ^8 u6 ~: h3 A, a# \
for more than two centuries in the same task that I have here undertaken for
" k# U% ?$ y2 u" gmyself—that is, the preparation of a history of the knowledge of the human
( i4 x9 H: f2 t- Xrace. They have, of course, gone about it in a very different way.
8 N9 ~$ H5 m8 |( aIt is my pleasure to record here three other debts. The first is to Patrick! C8 j4 L# Q( Y# d
Gunkel, the inventor of ideonomy and my friend of two decades. In a3 v* {; c; y2 u& y
hundred lengthy conversations over the years Pat has brought me to
3 }' O5 y3 |6 w# P$ T' |understand that there is a history of the future as well as the past. I have
2 T  M. w4 d$ H1 `$ b7 {shamelessly employed some of his insights, including the idea of companion* N+ G' F& z5 v: a3 e1 f
computers (CCs). The most valuable thing he has taught me is that
$ K% @' _6 p# ~the future has a hard substantiality and may be even more intelligible
) w: U  z8 C! y8 hthan the past. It is, of course, the present that is hardest to understand.
/ @0 ~% J$ n0 U0 E2 pI owe a large debt to my editors, Hillel Black and Donald J. Davidson,# i, {; b, P" F% G
who insisted ruthlessly on clarity and demanded that I write, rewrite, and
; K8 K2 W1 n2 M3 u- w7 z, Nrewrite until they were satisfied I had said what I intended. If the book
) ]+ a2 `2 x; h0 B% b+ N. H1 Whas merit, they deserve much of the credit. Its faults are mine alone.
6 f6 d  U6 W. k( |5 L8 }2 lMy wife, Geraldine, read every page of the manuscript twice and made1 W6 E0 s# ^2 S7 u1 S
a thousand suggestions, most of which I adopted. More important, she& j$ `2 d% E) L. T
allowed me to experiment with ideas, as I proposed theses that either
7 C! c6 ]- r2 V" X6 Qoutraged, delighted, or amused her. The book could not have existed: G8 p( T4 @! W5 P" d5 j$ J! {
without her help.
% L. T7 |/ ^' {; n- BCornwall, Connecticut/ {: R+ V& n4 [: C4 ]  f( M, D, k0 p* ^

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