返回列表 发帖

手植记:神奇的小米君

手植记:神奇的小米君

  神奇的小米
1 S# E2 \7 ~; F% q/ A3 B+ m9 t! P6 ^2 b/ N* @2 K1 P, A
  在农产品当中,最时尚的当属小米,除了在智能界占有一席之地,古今大事上也都有它的身影,甚至还影响了当今世界格局。
5 H; C* K7 k3 b3 J( J) F2 Q' U4 i+ ]
  乾隆爷心头好。3 p8 Y/ m; _( K& O3 Q

. d4 I& ~( U# B% d" {, l  相传乾隆皇帝出巡,路经章丘,西关高如恂接驾献“龙米金汤”,乾隆皇帝见这小米粥色泽莹润,黄澄澄金灿灿,煞是可爱。当下食指大动,尝着果真香甜可口。后又得知此乃龙山特产之粟米,性凉味甘,以之煮粥,食益丹田,补虚损,开肠胃,乃滋养上品,乾隆皇帝龙颜大悦,当下封其为贡米,岁岁供奉朝廷。龙山小米为清代全国四大贡米之一,被誉为“龙米”。
) p, @" n1 J, y+ }6 Y+ \) V# H' Z! s" s+ d0 [
  红军长征之步枪标配。
3 M( b5 W( V! z4 b- @# g9 N. m9 k: M' q1 H- t- m6 Y7 m
  都说小米加步枪,可抗战为什么靠的是小米加步枪呢而不是大米或小麦呢?因为小米体积小,营养高,而且还很瓷实,吃一小碗包你半天不觉饿,不像大米,吃的再多一会就空了。小米 <http://www.xiaomifood.com/>在任何贫瘠的土地上都能生长,具有极强的生命力。过去女人生完孩子都要喝小米粥,就是因为小米的补养效果特别好,维持生命五谷中首选的是小米,怪不得以前红军打天下,用的是小米加步枪,没它就没有新中国。
. @% `6 B/ z! ~$ t' n7 z! D2 Q
  航天员常吃身体倍儿棒。
% v* Y$ u! O5 Q* p
8 l4 p$ e& s, R0 Z6 J' K  很少有人知道小米粥也是航天食品之一,航天这种特殊环境中食品必须包含足够和完善的科学营养,为此营养学家衡量了上千种产品为航天员搭配食谱。特别是飞行中的航天员尤其需要补充营养,比如神舟十号航天员过端午节就吃粽子,喝小米粥。
' p8 ?" k: X0 K" t
- X9 v" o- r  _! {* w; \( h  连IPHONE都怕的手机。
# L, ^$ D, D  _
) b9 Z' A( b/ c, @# d! {  野传雷军因为爱喝小米粥而将心爱的手机命名为小米,事后还找了一大堆牵强附会的解释什么Mobile Internet、mission impossible、省点儿心之类欲盖弥彰这一事实,结果没被说服的网友就扒出了雷军的LOGO其实是山寨某浏览器创意的故事,成了最不让小米省心的梗。但其实他真的只是爱喝小米粥啦。
8 j5 ^0 R7 W0 M  d( c) T8 G+ r" d/ [1 p
  公关经理复活剂。; V9 Q) \% T3 g& {
* M( l2 X8 [7 ?0 K+ P8 p
  “复活剂”这一概念由农产品电商手植记首次提出,小米的除胃热湿气、开胃健脾,对经常加班、忙碌的广告人恢复体力补充能量非常有好处,手植记对小米高营养和滋补功效的赞美之情溢于言表,因此给予其复活剂的称号,号召所有年轻人在跟随时代步伐的同时,更要关心自己的身体。
: i+ n: ^: |% Z: J5 K9 Q9 C$ f
* ~% E4 v. ~# K# ^+ V8 o  手植记是由一群苦逼80广告人创办的以快递精神&食粮为主题的农产品电商品牌,最初是为了给大伙寻找一点原生态食材作为福利,后来逐渐演变成一种精神鼓励。为了在房子车子逼婚的压力下,给8090人奔三的路上添一点小甜蜜。四位主创还开启手植之旅,徒步访问农户寻找原生态食材,限量采购发售。
# H) J. o! [$ b( D. Z. g5 q6 H1 x2 T& s; h+ T5 i9 |
  ①正是因为有了小米,乾隆才成为中国历史上最长寿的皇帝。
* C- R/ b/ L* o( Y% M- Z; c# T2 D8 ^9 N3 |# u2 I7 Z
  ②正是因为有了小米,解放军才打出了新中国。' x8 y% Y2 C/ h+ q
" ?* c8 z0 ^7 S, ?+ w; x
  ③正是因为有了小米,中国航天事业才突飞猛进。
" D! _  V0 G# e
  @. B8 I  X% v4 ^+ X& k  ④正是因为有了小米,雷军才发明了小米。9 b" M& A# {; q- a. W3 a+ `( ~8 k# {

, B$ o! n& s) i5 Q) F& s% [( K( C  ⑤正是因为有了小米,广告人才不再惧怕加班。7 T  J( [0 Z* J4 x/ Q* M1 i
, H& |5 k& M" e4 A
  手植记
4 ]! d6 M& f6 e  v
1 K4 F4 l! z1 [! o1 R4 u  我们快乐&精神食粮2 Y9 E: A! F7 o% W0 \6 y4 a7 U7 F

& o( g" a' N! G  O: W  为生活寻找原生态食材

A
/ {/ n1 K( u: D: C4 a& H) v& eHISTORY
, Q, z* x) a0 x! TOF
3 ?2 H8 `3 c: j7 UKNOWLEDGE
6 a8 S/ [( q, VPast, Present, and Future
- Y: D7 y% f- m# j7 M' @Charks Van Dorm/ E- E! ~( I) x3 S( H
# z, C# p# O* n6 i% _1 y

% i- v# g/ w1 @- @) j' A
. \: F6 w/ F$ h+ \Ballantine Books ? New York
& M( W0 Q0 w" d% L# D% v* u! d) m% g% [9 \6 }4 L" b: F' V2 l. P
Contents
$ S- H; Z! t, E8 T' IAcknowledgments
, e3 g4 C) y4 e# ^Author to Reader
! b- U, F' F* m- pProgress in Knowledge xv
5 _5 Y  m! M2 v9 k: x1 cKinds of Progress in Knowledge xvi( T/ w* F6 [: a6 K7 {
Universal History xvi
% o% q' K/ S" U' O9 o1 [/ N3 uPrimitive Man xviii
& n, s! E) v+ R* }Knowledge of Particulars xix
' {2 S, z5 ^- G! ^' ]8 ~4 C8 {General Knowledge xix
- u  @, J- l& S, i2 |# r/ eCertain Knowledge xxi
: m6 S4 e6 F- K: f6 l  _$ l8 }Knowledge and Happiness xxiii; \/ F) @6 o/ b& _+ W/ \5 U  l
Outline of the Book xxiii
# Z7 l! l: \4 A1 M  t1. Wisdom of the Ancients% E; ~& Y- i1 C. Q- O. c
Egypt 45 e& E- E# J" a1 k! M8 P
India 6* B) m' ?% t  T0 s
China 7
4 F3 X8 W; L  R8 F9 L7 YMesopotamia 99 u) |( X9 j( j; S* f8 D
Aztec and Inca 11' Y5 W7 O1 t  ?" P
Human Sacrifice 13
* A+ G4 f( `5 L9 aJudaism 15
5 @2 C. m) q+ a5 @. SChristianity 16
; w+ w0 ?( S% Q; X5 ]Judaism and Christianity Compared 18
3 t! i( O+ S6 f$ c7 ?$ d- s6 [Islam 19( W; V  P4 _# \& Q& M8 g0 |" S
Judeo-Christianity and Islam Compared
- T. I! f6 C4 {& t0 \Buddhism 21
  z' n4 w6 Z2 w5 N/ A: mLessons from the Past 23
% q. C% [6 x8 mAlphabets 25
$ b# A. k/ B2 o0 [- O" WZero 27
  [* L, a7 S7 b2 j2. The Greek Explosion9 D/ k/ v  p& O  ?. I! ~. r9 }
The Problem of Thales 30
8 _8 J) d5 a$ g) M( bThe Invention of Mathematics:7 {: T8 R8 i" t6 }( S# o- l" a4 A
The Pythagoreans 34
7 w+ q/ D4 e  M9 PVll
/ M8 L0 K+ R# C& BV l l l Contents7 E% ?1 D* O; J3 a$ `7 K
The Discovery of Atomic Theory:
# n  n. v, `- ?$ o% u6 V! rDemocritus 38, U. n9 ?. @, z0 f0 o$ B- X* V
The Problem of Thales:0 Z; ?) x9 d5 d3 s
The Ultimate Solution 41
4 W8 S0 N6 ?$ n; H' V. _( rMoral Truth and Political Expediency:
5 @0 t1 E8 F  v$ c3 W# PSocrates, Plato, and Aristotle 42
4 \/ R; J# w- B4 u- \The Fallacy of the Consequent 44* c$ o+ v0 f, H. K4 S& I
Greece versus Persia: The Fruitful Conflict
' O5 ]# s) A# J+ n+ J9 \( DThe Tragedy of Athens 51
) h1 p0 w5 }7 C: ]# t) T7 j9 `Herodotus, Thucydides, and the Invention
8 u: f- d0 g0 Zof History 53
' O9 ^% Z6 F: g6 M. j* ]$ f; GThe Spirit of Greek Thought 56: }" n7 P" V/ L% }
3. What the Romans Knew
4 s# ?6 }  Y' c% PGreek Theory, Roman Practice 656 x7 z, P- O# y6 a: `9 W
Law, Citizenship, and Roads 67, s, X% ]+ [9 \5 ~
Lucretius 70* ?* D  w# h  m6 h) Z- k
Cicero 72
8 j. b) t5 ?" g9 r/ [Seneca 77) c5 s9 T0 }1 U# g4 ?6 b
Tacitus 81
6 P) T& z: v% ^+ n+ f4 Q' m9 IWhat the Romans Did Not Know 847 b4 \7 N" n$ S' h2 c$ I
4. Light in the Dark Ages
* j5 f7 z1 r5 ~+ t1 t5 TThe Fall of Rome 86& X/ N1 p% |1 O2 p, E9 ~+ Q
Post-Roman Europe 88* X8 l4 C. @; Q6 t  j8 c5 r# k6 S
The Triumph of Christianity:+ l  U; `0 e% z' r9 H8 R1 e" W
Constantine the Great 91
8 t/ s1 Y0 _5 B9 t8 {The Promise of Christianity:
, C0 y/ s7 [4 x* n7 V5 VAugustine 92
( C) `2 ]$ B' s. ZAfter'the Fall 95/ H6 ~' B' U8 x# a7 z8 q  f
5. The Middle Ages: The Great Experiment
" X$ c# Q' B$ }! ^  p7 o7 OThe Struggle for Subsistence 98
8 U: s) [& j% j0 Z8 O6 A6 CA World of Enemies 99
# I* o8 d5 f3 P5 ~' PThe Problem of God 100% [: r4 Z6 m& b7 M) A7 q
The Science of Theology 100' q' m8 W. X0 `3 P
Theology in Other Religions 1029 l- d  r' m6 m7 L5 D# F; y3 V
Principles of Theocracy 103  L& B0 X* e/ A
Empire and Papacy 105# U7 U: @) m- s4 a
Monasticism 106
6 d: M; O  A7 s8 h6 k9 wCrusaders 109* \! U7 Y* V5 j1 e0 g# F. o
Millennial Fears, Postmillennial$ _, o! E; m2 b3 F3 g& g' {
Achievements 110
) O# m5 v  w( _, E  cThe Dispute about Truth 112# t# \# @  v5 s/ j
Boethius 113
7 }6 p7 q& h7 z2 M- e$ FPseudo-Dionysius 1135 l; q3 H1 @7 ], Y8 w0 @
Avicenna 114
6 r7 [( i7 l/ z. \Contents
' h' @1 R( S2 d% w' `- L8 ?7 H* o, @Peter Abelard 1155 L/ {" R+ \" j  ?
Bernard of Clairvaux 116
7 L; l8 B5 u6 I9 e: ^Averroes 117$ N7 K- ~6 e$ B, A2 c- y; G+ U4 _
Thomas Aquinas 119
3 o! [. |" u- y$ |! OThe Pyrrhic Victory of Faith over Reason 122
7 O5 |0 T; s! EDante's Dance 124
6 y: D2 k; M1 j9 `' m4 h0 V: q6. What Was Reborn in the Renaissance?
0 c. i% u0 h) kThe New Style in Painting: Perspective 128
' @. b, o7 b& ~3 u1 G5 X& q, DMan in the Cosmos 1290 C. V2 ~5 x7 D7 e# q
The Revival of Classical Learning: Petrarch 130* ]. f3 O  u6 b* J
Inventing the Renaissance: Boccaccio 132+ o+ ?9 s7 V/ x! H) Q7 i3 u
The Renaissance Man 134; h6 Y7 c" s4 h9 G7 v( k% ]
Renaissance Men: Leonardo, Pico, Bacon 137
2 Z& C7 z4 Z: W  F0 v  Z7 dThe Renaissance Man and the Ideal of Liberal
1 I$ A: ^. D0 REducation 141
+ {  _* M; t7 ~Renaissance Humanism 142
0 y7 e4 K+ z6 @2 W$ D& WMontaigne 144
& u: D$ a* }3 [- v3 tShakespeare 146
) ?5 s+ P+ x0 o: ]9 B* E: @( gCervantes 148) ?% c! o! T! f( T" V
The Black Death 151
* R9 \* B' n- M5 W& v' \Gutenberg's Achievement 153
* f( X3 Y4 ]3 h- mRenaissance Cities 155
6 _+ I" {9 K* L0 g! E9 NNation-States 156' E9 L, o- K/ {+ n$ m9 c% `2 e  q
The Crisis of the Theocratic State 158
, S* i7 N8 H; p2 {0 EErasmus 159$ J0 ~# A: |0 m/ S6 ?1 d
Thomas More 160( y. ]6 ]% j$ r+ a4 b
Henry VIII 161, f; ]# K5 ?$ W/ o+ A
Martin Luther 163( n. E( P/ p9 m& ?, i: t
Tolerance and Intolerance 165
  l* Y$ |' o. i. U, n: Z- AMan at the Center 166
. R8 \! J, s" }* x6 Z$ E6 }0 K7 B7. Europe Reaches Out# _4 E9 |, B6 H& l6 ?. w
Mongol Empires 169
9 B2 c1 D: }" r7 NMarco Polo 1700 v# i4 {* E/ S& g: ?. _
Voyages of Discovery 172
4 D  |8 E$ R& U& N  ^Columbus 174
  F+ ^6 z9 y( O. d5 B. VSailing Around the World 177) P4 ], f: v4 J* Q  ?9 b* A! _! i# I
The Birth of World Trade 178
0 _/ k8 h! q. G) B. STrade in Ideas 179  i/ v" |- k: F: T  s
Homage to Columbus 182
( j$ P8 t0 O7 t" [0 V- i8. The Invention of Scientific Method
) q0 k7 t' B. h  u7 y1 k* uThe Meaning of Science 184
$ j1 `2 D  ~/ sThree Characteristics of Science 187
& V2 I5 K2 o/ m, m6 e, W, lAristotelian Science: Matter 190, _7 l' L# ]. I& s1 T; x
Aristotelian Motion 191
# v( M2 J, K/ m) B: j2 z. M9 S, I! JContents
+ M+ J7 a: a+ D4 p( rThe Revolt Against Aristotle 192+ @8 S6 r: L4 G6 z) r
Copernicus 195
4 X% O/ v* n5 cTycho Brahe 196
+ U" B. N" q! i# s# g9 w% ^0 HGilbert 197
, v2 P5 D, R" @. Z6 }" PKepler 1988 v# ^( v  T$ H( M7 a
Galileo 199
; O* Z' P7 z# }/ V* L2 [Descartes 203
8 c: k$ ]& S. Q% NNewton 205+ R$ C& |# F% {
Rules of Reason 2097 K- I8 \7 }+ T* S7 L( q1 O7 A  N
The Galilean-Cartesian Revolution 211
' c, s) D% Z; a1 o" X  }* p8 |9. An Age of Revolutions 213
& E5 a. k+ _' B) }& O: n. [The Industrial Revolution 213' P% @( ^: N. m/ I! l
Human Machines and Mechanical Humans 214. Y' ^5 ^' ~; d6 J2 m
An Age of Reason and Revolution 216
9 j8 U, ~$ P1 Z  R% IJohn Locke and the Revolution of 1688 218
8 E6 K4 K9 W8 {4 ]Property, Government, and Revolution 220
6 f4 [' j# Y% w! v4 c4 X  tTwo Kinds of Revolution 222
4 h% {( n6 ^7 v9 c' B( \; I( RThomas Jefferson and the Revolution( j* O( ]2 ~* [7 Q; C5 C8 J4 r& N; C3 h
of 1776 223/ S5 ?7 D8 n2 d# R
The Declaration of Independence 2245 N. I' h7 X% q$ _
Property in Rights 226
1 v7 N; l- d) ^9 R5 A. P3 aRobespierre, Napoleon, and the Revolution+ X6 a, w5 l, }6 |. k1 h9 j3 U
of 1789 228+ o# ~* {+ M7 A* s4 u, P
The Rise of Equality 232) m% C8 g& ^7 v6 f, c" F2 [( |( L
Mozart's Don Giovanni 234' k; S1 Z+ A) |, m) @5 k4 _5 x$ S6 Z
Goethe's Faust 2385 ^, E% b( R- j% n; b$ \
10. The Nineteenth Century: Prelude to Modernity 243
0 W( I1 v5 r2 o8 c- kThe Difference Money Makes 2443 W. Z7 t/ M$ T! B
Economic Life Before 1800: The Peasant 245
2 _, B" Z  r$ \, vThe Lord 247
- i. w; X% A& j; M3 k0 w* `6 ^The Cleric 248
8 ?1 S+ n6 e0 i  d' VThe King 2480 l& b& l' }5 Q* h, K5 z" ]
The Merchant 249
4 ]' q' t$ L& `2 v% WThe Rise of the Labor Market: Economics 251; G' J8 e- L0 G9 d% P
Faustian Development 255& I+ M' M% |7 w: B
Marxism: Theory and Practice 2579 h/ N5 v- I% [7 m, S: ~. Z, R
Marxian Insights 261
8 K' A& s- K; U5 \Economic Facts: Steam Power 264
; @1 a: q9 ?8 V& REquality in the Muzzle of a Gun 266# c  X7 R& s$ E! J0 s2 N; S
The Magic of Electricity 269
$ J! F2 ^, l. V: X" B" B& o/ \# nMagical Mathematics 271
9 r  X# w7 f2 rNew Ways of Seeing 2737 ]$ {6 S% J! s4 I" S( n% Y
The End of Slavery 275
) m* h( |+ h' c1 G/ hShocking the Bourgeoisie 2786 z0 P# J  k1 f( S: W9 U
Darwin and Freud 280
9 ^! f$ e$ F& Z% ~$ |4 IContents XI1 r+ z( x3 O  d* k
11. The World in 1914 284
9 J7 N$ w; E; R, QEconomic Divisions 284
$ E1 m9 w! K  l' kThe Study of War 285$ D6 R% s1 ~8 S& j
Colonialism 287/ ^" x$ K% J& W. {, w! ]3 |
The Boer War 289; l/ {7 V4 }( y+ L! M6 W+ @  c
The Powder Keg of Europe 289% r/ I8 J3 e% d" t$ `- _; p
Character of the 1914-1918 War 291% }) X* u% {7 Q0 o
Thoughts on War and Death 292
! s% M4 n3 r7 e9 P4 aCauses of War 295
7 _' s. h$ G5 W3 N# @# [& }. Y12. The Twentieth Century: The Triumph of 'Democracy 297
+ }- m, T$ t: _5 H- P( VThe Progress of Democracy 2991 b" z. L, W. ~- b" \! I: C
Communism 304! n' H* _8 w5 t- R0 G
Totalitarianism 307
' D- j, H- y; E% y, ?+ {$ |Theocracy in the Twentieth Century 311( L, l% a' X$ R
Economic Justice 3133 Z2 K) g; i% R
Why Not World Government? 3143 {% ~6 \, s# Q+ b' r$ |
One World, One Human Race 317$ y8 J2 r9 h. l8 h1 Z
13. The Twentieth Century: Science and Technology 321
! T! ]1 N$ A0 j0 ?; EGreek Atomic Theory 321
+ p* {2 a6 M  GThe Revival of Atomic Theory 323
* D; T3 q- ~$ k* _8 @6 s2 R. g) YWhat Einstein Did 325+ k6 C* o# a2 L+ \& y( G
What the Bomb Taught Us 327
) D! M. O0 P5 kThe Problem of Life ' 328, p- }% A& Q  V$ c/ D
The Science of Heredity 329
$ Y5 r# @/ [  d6 eHow DNA Works 330: u- c5 W; k% |& i
The Size of the Universe 332
# p' ?' A2 p% YGalaxies 332- V8 j9 F! y/ r. a* K5 S( x0 s6 V
The Smallness of Earth 334
4 a0 K. E* P7 U, oThe Big Bang and the Primordial Atom 3341 q. Z6 p- H' @" [6 [7 f
Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle 337
* m/ B7 N0 v$ O7 w) }Uncertainties of Knowledge 338
: i- X, c5 Y3 n* \; ^One Giant Step 341
. k% k( F4 h4 |" \' S( ?9 lGreen Rebellion 342$ t' _  Q! v: e: i
The Terrestrial Greenhouse 343, Y9 B; g+ O- i2 P" m9 w8 S/ l
Digital Computers and Knowledge 345$ r  w( N4 t. S1 N) r6 f0 Y
Turing Machines 348& F% C  [6 z) O  E" m9 P
Technological Dependence 3507 o1 F- _# B' O6 a2 s
Triumphs of Medicine 351
+ G0 P$ E3 B! b% D+ s* JDrug Cultures 353; `3 Y# V+ A; i% r" n1 x5 {
The AIDS Challenge 354
) A( W6 ?4 I& ?8 z  u' rxii Contents/ i8 t' g- |% `* J
14. The Twentieth Century: Art and the Media 3561 D& {9 n+ ?. R8 Q" ^6 T
The Media and Their Messages 3567 ~( d$ A, p# R
A Visual Revolution: Picasso, Braque, Cubism 359
( K; I* n) Y! R4 d' M$ SPollock, Rothko, and the Hexagonal Room 361* B% ^5 O) `) d* O. ~
Urban Revolution:
8 k) ~' [  U( B* ]2 X$ RThe Bauhaus and Le Corbusier 363$ v7 s8 I) l4 Y* [- R4 h
Literary Prophets: Yeats 365" \/ H9 y( d( m8 X3 m( K
A Passage to India 366
" i7 P" d2 G3 e8 ~The Castle and the Magician 367
* @) s1 E7 K7 K, C& M7 \8 c" BWaiting for Godot 369 "
, @* g- P+ u1 ^Mass Media and Education 370
( W0 `- \0 o. Z) Y15. The Next Hundred Years 375
6 T: G/ m- _+ d. b6 v- H/ yComputers: The Next Stage 377" _4 N/ I, u0 o( {. q& V3 A
The Moral Problem of Intelligent Machines 379
6 m8 Y& J: N; u  Z, cCompanion Computers 3799 D9 e/ N8 e7 b0 f" e1 }
The Birth of Thinking Machines 381* {/ w( |# [  d1 U6 v
Three Worlds: Big, Little, Middle-sized 383( p* t) \: D) J* a0 F1 b" ~# X
Chaos, a New Science 384
% J3 p5 g9 q1 u' h/ zMining Language: Ideonomy 386
9 ~1 |0 E  s8 ]* ~0 X0 O, P% m$ kExploring the Solar System 387) `5 R: y1 w0 g  a' U
The Message? 390
3 W5 l  D! @- @9 |2 aMan as a Terrestrial Neighbor 392
, y* D- i' E. s  S5 p0 \The Gaia Hypothesis 395
9 s) t. U( Z9 p$ Q  kGenetic Engineering 397. z& n; w/ f* ^; ^" N. t  M! g+ L
Eugenics 398
9 \8 N0 N8 l- V! b/ |' uMapping the Genome 4008 L* y' k' p4 N4 d- e( M
Democracy and Eugenics 402
" |. t" I0 c/ g- B: ~Speed 403
  H8 r& X! }2 n2 g! G) ?1 bAddictions 406
: e& X- E% L; P# [War in the Twenty-first Century 408
; N- a' g0 w# H- F6 nComputer Revolt 4103 s+ H- n9 E. Y% s8 x, x( Z/ y# U
Index 413' ?, j* E! J1 T% d# N. g
Acknowledgments
" K2 Z5 t% i; I+ VTHIS BOOK is the result of a lifetime of reading, thinking, and talking.
" K3 u4 g; H, L2 e' L8 |4 hIts seeds were planted nearly fifty years ago, when I was a student at
: a& t2 l6 \( T. NSt. John's College and was introduced to the world of ideas by Scott
3 ^: k; L- r  pBuchanan, Jacob Klein, and Richard Scofield.
3 G$ N4 e4 k" NI made my first acquaintance with the literature of universal history- D& I$ d8 y% }6 q1 W6 w
thirty years ago, when I was writing The Idea of Progress (Praeger, 1967)., X* O1 ~7 G+ @- @
My mentor at the time—as he continues to be today—was Mortimer J.
- S/ J: G/ J' c6 B5 MAdler. We have discussed many of the themes treated here repeatedly over
) P" Y1 x" B" b' J4 S( B/ Cthe years, and he has given me many useful bibliographical suggestions.
+ N; Y  K. Q3 t4 y4 t) ?2 C% {We have agreed on many points, and differed on others. His intellectual" D. D/ P9 ^/ \; D$ J
judgments are represented in many places in this book, usually without- z3 N7 H* c( `. O
credit. I offer it here.
3 r; t9 H& o7 w0 {0 x- MStudents of the history of knowledge owe much to the work of F. J.
& Y* X2 U4 |9 X7 o+ j% @" j# F" ITeggart and G. H. Hildebrand, whose carefully chosen collection of* d( K+ ]+ a% }, u( A; {2 u
classic readings, The Idea of Progress (University of California Press, 1949),+ G  Y: L* A5 D* ?7 F: v
is a consistently useful guide to works from three millennia.& A  N+ L" b3 i
For broad interpretations of this literature I am indebted to many
, V9 ^. Y7 f" }7 Hphilosophical historians, from Ibn Khaldun to Oswald Spengler, from
% W2 A- {2 y) P# u& UArnold J. Toynbee to Fernand Braudel. The last, in particular, taught me
/ r: S- i- q0 r% [1 ]3 v- kto pay close attention to the small details of everyday life, which tell us so1 ?+ l+ H+ b" q# t& ?0 b5 M
much about the way people live, whatever they say or write.
; d( `  A7 H2 P* k1 B' kFor the history of science, I am indebted to various works by James
# n1 O" u$ Z) ?: r" t& iBurke (especially Connections, Little Brown, 1978), Herbert Butterfield
, F8 J/ ^  O; ^* T% [(especially The Origins of Modern Science, Macmillan, 1951), and Erwin
8 e- w) ^( K" V4 Y3 z, q1 b/ @Schrodinger (especially Nature and the Greeks, Cambridge, 1954).+ Q$ a  L9 k( }+ l! e, ?
Among anthropologists, I have learned most from Bronislaw Malinowski,1 `" m, Q1 V* T4 a* Y* N" I" }
Claude Levi-Strauss, and Lord Raglan, author of The Hero (Vintage," s' t7 T" F$ B
1956). Robert L. Heilbroner's The Worldly Historians (Simon and Schuster,% R  Y- @) `) y7 {9 V0 G
1953, 1986) has helped me to understand and utilize a number of works in
9 f$ ]( d' o+ @4 y  n$ jeconomics.0 C  P- O* S, @9 G
Every time I reread Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media
& X4 g, b& {6 @  {+ I* f(McGraw Hill, 1965) I am again impressed by the power of his insights
9 |! U! F+ f. Mand the accuracy of his predictions.8 o) k# H# a2 Q3 l
Xlll
' d$ H+ N, {) o+ Xxiv Acknowledgments8 K6 `$ F, }( |( s
No recent book about the worldwide experience of modernity seems to me+ V5 q- q. w, V; A; q
so thoughtful and provocative as Marshall Berman's All That Is Solid Melts Into
7 r/ v* f2 @7 HAir (Simon & Schuster, 1982). I have not met its author, but I have engaged
. B- d% v! A. ]9 eProfessor Berman in many silent conversations in the watches of the night.
8 E% V4 K$ c( i: oIt was my brother, John Van Doren, who brought Berman's book to my2 A7 m1 z9 f* t- }
attention; he also made me read for the first time, many years ago, John
: D3 j. T; K/ t) mMasefield's perfect lyric of world history, "Cargoes." I am grateful for9 f6 q* u  ^4 I% ~! W8 l
these recommendations, among many others; for his thoughtful comments; W9 N! T+ v& `/ F- h8 M
on parts of the manuscript; and for conversations over five decades,- W! |5 j. o1 H+ o6 X
during which I doubtless got more than I gave.
. m2 T* B# v0 `! u# v/ J% i+ II am grateful, indeed, to all my friends and seminar students over the
# S6 X5 N2 @$ t/ Hpast six years who, in the course of discussions more or less formal and! a& S1 b- S$ A4 @( k
more or less heated, have given me ideas and helped me to understand9 ^8 B7 x9 p- H# r4 B, c0 {
points that had baffled or irritated me. They could not have known this at
2 O. F( D4 S8 Y2 g% G0 \7 Tthe time, nor could I now more precisely enumerate my debts.
) n+ a% ~1 o8 [/ v. jMy twenty years as an editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica taught me& o+ y5 ]* h- c; `8 G6 ?
much about many things. In particular I grew to have a profound respect not
+ k6 r! E! x3 z; U6 `$ @4 n  ?9 n, `only for my colleagues but also for the work that they produce. Hardly a day
1 e" }9 b8 s* q6 Y& fhas passed when I have not consulted the Britannica on some matter, major
) m0 |( A# u) A* V- K. Nor minor. I am well aware that the editors of Britannica have been engaged' H5 \# E4 F) J. }: j# e. C2 w
for more than two centuries in the same task that I have here undertaken for. E* B5 M! ^7 t8 C  j8 x
myself—that is, the preparation of a history of the knowledge of the human2 ~% {& ~: l( [6 U% N; Q
race. They have, of course, gone about it in a very different way.4 h( ?: k8 r/ r" F
It is my pleasure to record here three other debts. The first is to Patrick. L) b' s. z$ Q; V/ E3 R
Gunkel, the inventor of ideonomy and my friend of two decades. In a
  M+ J8 n: l  n/ J; ahundred lengthy conversations over the years Pat has brought me to
5 e* ]  t9 o; O; W4 Bunderstand that there is a history of the future as well as the past. I have
9 V+ J% y& m  r# V8 J% Oshamelessly employed some of his insights, including the idea of companion
7 f, k8 ~1 `, B7 @+ T& ]3 S. z7 h3 vcomputers (CCs). The most valuable thing he has taught me is that
( @1 u. F2 L  x* Y5 E0 ^the future has a hard substantiality and may be even more intelligible/ a& |- e, t; f5 T4 N9 A1 E
than the past. It is, of course, the present that is hardest to understand., {: _8 g7 v/ _+ \5 f  H& t
I owe a large debt to my editors, Hillel Black and Donald J. Davidson," ~3 d5 A& H4 ?+ V, ?$ J5 b
who insisted ruthlessly on clarity and demanded that I write, rewrite, and
8 l6 q: t; N4 q4 Y' W( Yrewrite until they were satisfied I had said what I intended. If the book
+ Z5 ^" |# ^/ G7 I2 a/ Vhas merit, they deserve much of the credit. Its faults are mine alone.9 a7 f% e, ~& s( t
My wife, Geraldine, read every page of the manuscript twice and made: m, g3 {3 l  [
a thousand suggestions, most of which I adopted. More important, she
, E, ?# b3 Q- |/ Yallowed me to experiment with ideas, as I proposed theses that either+ |( M  |/ a2 A4 q* \
outraged, delighted, or amused her. The book could not have existed" ~- A1 A! {, S3 F. U2 ^3 H$ ?0 b7 ~
without her help.
: {; o  \  j( h  L4 N' J" dCornwall, Connecticut2 ]% }  \4 S! ^; Z$ P

6 d' w3 e& X1 m$ e: @. @1 C$ k- D( H5 _7 J' N  u4 Q

3 D' V0 M; T/ P. j$ jq之沐- s9 o) d: f* q. v; o/ R4 f
% f% y& z" o) D# J6 Z7 ^
$ d  f1 ?/ _9 F( \0 M! n$ ]: P

: L+ Z% {- m# \) _+ D, d2 [; Y  K. b* w
: G$ \: A$ l) f/ R. q0 |% V
联系QQ:526781618
2 j0 H* J9 O9 l' m8 [- L# s. u9 Q1 |& d- S: U/ G! O
淘宝旺旺:跟朝流走
" A" c; t' p0 ?1 U) o& B
: u6 w" s% Q/ x: }% c, k有需要的欢迎联系!专业代购电子书
0 s! S: @0 s3 {5 b, v* u4 n! {; ~4 M$ p
. z% A4 R  F6 a1 L( z2 b9 ?+ G! ?6 U

7 M7 r- o6 V  X

* }% E% y/ O* }
1 M' Q. z* b/ Z3 \& y$ yebook 英文电子书代购
6 ^6 k* f% q& }
$ }/ O3 |# ^) d

TOP

返回列表