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AP CHINESE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE ebook 电子书代购

AP CHINESE LANGUAGE AND CULTURE ebook 电子书代购

BARRON’S
Yan Shen, M.A.
Department of Asian
Languages & Cultures, UCLA
Contributing author:
Joanne Shang, B.S.
Chinese Language Teacher
Raleigh Charter High School
Raleigh, North Carolina
CHINESE LANGUAGE
AND CULTURE
AP

Contents
1 Introduction 1
General Information 1
The AP Chinese Course 1
The AP Chinese Exam 2
Navigating the Computer 5
Suggested Resources 11
Using This Book 15
2 Listening
Comprehension 17
General Information 17
Rejoinders 19
Listening Selections 22
Listening Strategies 23
Listening Comprehension Practice 55
Answers and Answer Explanations 70
3 Reading Comprehension 162
General Information 162
Reading Strategies 162
Reading Selections 178
Reading Comprehension Practice 181
Answers and Answer Explanations 210
4 Writing Skills 227
General Information 227
Evaluation Criteria 228
Scoring Guidelines 229
Types of Essays 240
Writing Strategies 261
Common Writing Mistakes 261
Writing Skills Practice 270
5 Speaking Skills 331
General Information 331
Evaluation Criteria 332
Conversation Samples and Scores 336
Cultural Presentation Samples and
Scores 350
Speaking Tips 355
Vocabulary Tips 356
Speaking Preparation 356
Presentation 359
Speaking Skills Practice 364
Speaking Skills 390
6 Grammar Review 399
Complements 399
Sentences with Special Predicates 405
The Passive Voice 407
The “??”—Sentences 408
Existential Sentences 410
Sentences with Verbal
Constructions in a Series 411
Pivotal Sentences 412
Comparison 413
Expressing Emphasis 416
Complex Sentences 417
Common Sentence Patterns in
Spoken Chinese 426
7 Cultural Notes 441
Physical Geography of China 441
Survey of Modern History 445
Festivals and Customs 447
Chinese Mythology 450
Idiom Story 452
Four Grand Works in Chinese
Literature 454

iv AP Chinese Language and Culture
Chinese Characters 455
Calligraphy 456
Chinese Arts and Crafts 457
Four Great Inventions of
Ancient China 459
Traditional Chinese Medicine 460
Traditional Chinese Architecture 462
Classical Gardens 464
Traditional Performing Arts 465
Education 466
Chinese Martial Arts 469
Traditional Entertainment 471
Cultural Heritage 473
Traditional Clothing 474
Traditional Food 476
Chinese Astrology 478
Chinese Taboos 479
Important Idioms 483
Useful Proverbs 489
8 Model Exam 1 499
Answers and Answer Explanations 516
9 Model Exam 2 535
Answers and Answer Explanations 552

Introduction CHAPTER1
GENERAL INFORMATION
The AP Chinese program offers high school students an opportunity to earn credit
for Chinese courses at the college level. Like other College Board programs, it is
available to anyone worldwide who wishes to participate. The AP Chinese Language
and Culture exam was first held in May 2007 and is used to assess a student’s proficiency
in Chinese equivalent to completing a fourth-semester Chinese course in
college.
The AP Chinese exam consists of two essential aspects: Chinese language and
Chinese culture. Because language and culture are so closely intertwined, culture is
acquired in the process of learning a language, and language is learned when studying
culture. As such, students should try to absorb as much Chinese culture as
possible while learning the language, because it is impossible to separate the two.
THE AP CHINESE COURSE
The curriculum and assessment frameworks for the AP Chinese Language and
Culture course undergo continuous improvement. In order to prepare for the AP
Chinese exam, students are strongly encouraged, although not required, to enroll
in an AP Chinese course in high school. Like other AP courses, the AP Chinese
course should match the level of a fourth-semester university/college course in
Mandarin/Putonghua Chinese. This level requires students to complete approximately
250 hours of classroom instruction.
In the AP Chinese course, students should intensively practice Chinese in three
modes: interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational. In addition, they should
develop Chinese language skills in the five goal areas: communication, cultures,
connections, comparisons, and communities.
The first goal involves communication in Chinese. Students are expected:
1. to engage in conversations, provide and obtain information, express feelings
and emotions, exchange opinions, and make presentations
2. to understand, write, and discuss a variety of topics

2 AP Chinese Language and Culture
The second goal involves the acquisition of cultural knowledge. This
includes:
1. understanding social patterns
2. the active practice of conventions
3. appropriate use of Chinese in cultural settings
In particular, students should understand significant components of Chinese culture,
such as traditions, history, literature, art, and so on.
The third goal is to establish a connection between Chinese and other disciplines
and to further acquire information and recognize distinctive viewpoints that are
only available through Chinese language and culture.
The fourth goal concerns the student’s ability to compare and contrast the
Chinese language and culture with his or her native or other language and
culture.
The fifth goal emphasizes that students should apply the Chinese language in
communities both within and beyond the school setting.
THE AP CHINESE EXAM
The AP Chinese Language and Culture course and exam incorporate Chinese cultural
information with listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Like other AP
foreign language exams, the AP Chinese exam measures fluency. Students should
be able to recognize and understand both spoken and written Chinese at a sophisticated
level. In addition, they should demonstrate their ability to speak and write
Chinese fluently and accurately in a culturally appropriate manner.
Format of the Exam
Here is a summary of the important information on the AP Chinese exam. Table
I and Table II represent the format of the exam. The exam assesses the communication
ability of AP Chinese students in two sections: multiple-choice and freeresponse
questions. Each section of the AP Chinese exam contributes a specific
portion to the final AP grade. Detailed rubrics for the Writing and Speaking freeresponse
sections will be given in the related chapters. Table I and Table II list the
time distribution and weight of each part on the final grade.

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