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手植记:神奇的小米君

手植记:神奇的小米君

  神奇的小米
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  在农产品当中,最时尚的当属小米,除了在智能界占有一席之地,古今大事上也都有它的身影,甚至还影响了当今世界格局。
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% E; ]$ \; E1 ^) G, o  乾隆爷心头好。
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  相传乾隆皇帝出巡,路经章丘,西关高如恂接驾献“龙米金汤”,乾隆皇帝见这小米粥色泽莹润,黄澄澄金灿灿,煞是可爱。当下食指大动,尝着果真香甜可口。后又得知此乃龙山特产之粟米,性凉味甘,以之煮粥,食益丹田,补虚损,开肠胃,乃滋养上品,乾隆皇帝龙颜大悦,当下封其为贡米,岁岁供奉朝廷。龙山小米为清代全国四大贡米之一,被誉为“龙米”。8 o  `9 C0 B1 ?, f5 Y9 k' D

/ b) I/ H; J- o0 ~* c% A1 \  红军长征之步枪标配。& Q0 W4 h& \4 _5 m3 i1 w

. e9 _2 L3 ?3 _4 V& u* ~8 E% U  都说小米加步枪,可抗战为什么靠的是小米加步枪呢而不是大米或小麦呢?因为小米体积小,营养高,而且还很瓷实,吃一小碗包你半天不觉饿,不像大米,吃的再多一会就空了。小米 <http://www.xiaomifood.com/>在任何贫瘠的土地上都能生长,具有极强的生命力。过去女人生完孩子都要喝小米粥,就是因为小米的补养效果特别好,维持生命五谷中首选的是小米,怪不得以前红军打天下,用的是小米加步枪,没它就没有新中国。/ X1 |) K) z- S" X! }+ _

9 V& l; Q3 v  J" y' ~  r: @  航天员常吃身体倍儿棒。+ O" H% X/ ~# H0 `3 f. A+ U

, {  c+ S& J- m7 j  u1 ]  很少有人知道小米粥也是航天食品之一,航天这种特殊环境中食品必须包含足够和完善的科学营养,为此营养学家衡量了上千种产品为航天员搭配食谱。特别是飞行中的航天员尤其需要补充营养,比如神舟十号航天员过端午节就吃粽子,喝小米粥。) y) ?: a  ^# k: W( F# B2 L+ a

. `9 X6 C3 Q4 _1 p+ @1 p( E  连IPHONE都怕的手机。
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  野传雷军因为爱喝小米粥而将心爱的手机命名为小米,事后还找了一大堆牵强附会的解释什么Mobile Internet、mission impossible、省点儿心之类欲盖弥彰这一事实,结果没被说服的网友就扒出了雷军的LOGO其实是山寨某浏览器创意的故事,成了最不让小米省心的梗。但其实他真的只是爱喝小米粥啦。
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, E& _$ I! h' T& K; j( n+ Z# j  公关经理复活剂。& g! g1 [1 y. E. T2 [: d$ j0 \

+ Z4 J  L, _* `0 n, z6 O* P  “复活剂”这一概念由农产品电商手植记首次提出,小米的除胃热湿气、开胃健脾,对经常加班、忙碌的广告人恢复体力补充能量非常有好处,手植记对小米高营养和滋补功效的赞美之情溢于言表,因此给予其复活剂的称号,号召所有年轻人在跟随时代步伐的同时,更要关心自己的身体。/ S; L0 i# z8 p! G0 W- }
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  手植记是由一群苦逼80广告人创办的以快递精神&食粮为主题的农产品电商品牌,最初是为了给大伙寻找一点原生态食材作为福利,后来逐渐演变成一种精神鼓励。为了在房子车子逼婚的压力下,给8090人奔三的路上添一点小甜蜜。四位主创还开启手植之旅,徒步访问农户寻找原生态食材,限量采购发售。
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$ l: b2 R  ?0 d  ①正是因为有了小米,乾隆才成为中国历史上最长寿的皇帝。
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  ②正是因为有了小米,解放军才打出了新中国。- _4 G- Y; G1 n& @

0 d5 n( V8 Q  I7 Z/ ^2 ~  ③正是因为有了小米,中国航天事业才突飞猛进。( l$ m7 N+ J% U/ e. ^7 p

& n! @* I/ m  ?+ ?7 Q  ④正是因为有了小米,雷军才发明了小米。2 g" z( [- Q/ d9 l+ R. F1 E
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  ⑤正是因为有了小米,广告人才不再惧怕加班。
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- b) [, \' M  A  手植记
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  我们快乐&精神食粮" j5 R6 i) m  B  `! X
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  为生活寻找原生态食材

A
  b4 M0 b" l1 C% yHISTORY, D# b3 g. N+ J9 S% E8 u3 X4 @/ u* e
OF
( ?( J: |; j# `# t! ZKNOWLEDGE
0 R5 O4 A. `( \  X7 uPast, Present, and Future7 J" E4 r+ V  C9 W$ Q
Charks Van Dorm$ ^- B6 v9 R- U/ o) n' j/ M
, A8 z9 p( A1 f/ s8 l0 c, }

! T5 A1 [1 Z+ m; Z5 _8 p* Q0 \6 ?. K2 y6 R  }' ^$ T
Ballantine Books ? New York
9 m& ]8 e+ J3 V
6 i+ M+ D- _! P+ c' T2 ~' nContents  G: k# r: n$ Q3 {
Acknowledgments
% Y1 w; U8 L( ?- g% L+ XAuthor to Reader  R6 V) Y, A1 r  d0 b
Progress in Knowledge xv& o7 J" O5 v6 c
Kinds of Progress in Knowledge xvi
# r5 ^( {! R% f5 K- s! ]Universal History xvi, w8 Y& X$ j$ H! \/ E0 G& ^8 i) |
Primitive Man xviii
' {. G, u* }$ SKnowledge of Particulars xix# e. K  F; }' \' A! Q* G+ |
General Knowledge xix7 P, n6 C5 G0 Z, F7 l0 R
Certain Knowledge xxi: Z; ?! ~+ {" X9 |7 K& O3 Z
Knowledge and Happiness xxiii
+ w. D+ A) C! e+ DOutline of the Book xxiii
8 s! ]! M, Q! h1. Wisdom of the Ancients
: N. g! |( o/ e; g$ K8 a- Z% m5 J  ]Egypt 4
9 Z' z2 l; \% V% nIndia 6
5 w" l/ s. T7 [7 Q2 w: NChina 7" x' U6 R7 h( y$ R+ `- e1 L
Mesopotamia 9
( c5 |* P  }" a& `Aztec and Inca 11. U- V4 E8 e8 y" m3 `0 J
Human Sacrifice 13
' Y% F$ B- E6 |9 u) v8 TJudaism 15
) @* Y6 u6 Y5 n2 q: w9 `/ O% c4 RChristianity 165 _# Q+ \* Y0 r! g9 b" l# E& f# E
Judaism and Christianity Compared 18
, N% w$ t6 q  V  }; M8 u1 TIslam 19, d7 X5 b& Q1 r1 L
Judeo-Christianity and Islam Compared! s) M, G2 r9 H. ?$ g
Buddhism 21. _' U3 L0 n" r9 k0 Q3 @1 _( _
Lessons from the Past 23( c8 l' O0 b9 @5 B
Alphabets 25
; i' ?4 p8 [; N0 A) E! @Zero 27
6 v& A( u6 Q# g2. The Greek Explosion
8 A' n9 L# O5 x1 ]The Problem of Thales 30
' W' m& R  \" K" T* N% ]The Invention of Mathematics:+ E/ c8 x: }: }; B) T- W: x! D
The Pythagoreans 34
- t7 ^% V8 j. q" }6 q& r' @Vll- \1 \2 X! t) b7 m$ c6 [
V l l l Contents
. J: T( X: Z& _) w+ MThe Discovery of Atomic Theory:! N4 {8 g+ o# F% X$ z* _3 T
Democritus 389 k0 }8 T( i' R
The Problem of Thales:. r7 K/ U' V2 D
The Ultimate Solution 41
  w$ A1 x* u% UMoral Truth and Political Expediency:
; C9 X% X! f% L1 J4 d& }! D  ZSocrates, Plato, and Aristotle 42
) P' G5 J0 u$ b% m0 ]( i6 fThe Fallacy of the Consequent 44
4 L9 z( l$ @9 n8 d' xGreece versus Persia: The Fruitful Conflict( ~" k8 K7 K  p* h
The Tragedy of Athens 514 P' ], b; x, U. v6 T4 W
Herodotus, Thucydides, and the Invention) a2 I, t2 K% v0 {1 v* @
of History 53! h& O5 e* a; m4 m  s( N) V0 F
The Spirit of Greek Thought 56
6 N. n3 Y; m, J! _2 _3. What the Romans Knew
" c7 \( M2 T8 M$ @% D# {Greek Theory, Roman Practice 65
4 k+ X2 Z9 {5 s; YLaw, Citizenship, and Roads 67% u( }1 h0 p3 x% t% a9 W
Lucretius 70
: Y& S! @/ H$ qCicero 72
1 J. K5 ?# y& VSeneca 77( D3 G$ ]) K# ?4 J; R0 }
Tacitus 81. j' p. c& a1 I$ p9 l
What the Romans Did Not Know 84
$ c) ^3 [1 H. C3 r5 u4. Light in the Dark Ages
/ |# m% n5 W: }$ b. K! r# z( GThe Fall of Rome 86
. }$ B, `" D8 C) o& @Post-Roman Europe 88
. y% o  ]$ ?7 \" y0 ^. J6 X) ^0 DThe Triumph of Christianity:
6 q- e# x( Q! ?4 f: eConstantine the Great 917 d. c7 z2 c0 p
The Promise of Christianity:
( Q* S9 P/ c$ P1 l% c/ a, x' F9 PAugustine 92' ~( _3 A* o1 E& ]: t  @$ t, P9 U
After'the Fall 95
' \' W( R6 o* |0 d+ X* f5. The Middle Ages: The Great Experiment
" r% R# c* I6 G, d: wThe Struggle for Subsistence 98" c- {$ y, d* t
A World of Enemies 99# w, x8 w& b  U( z* k
The Problem of God 100. k0 f: ?8 b3 ^
The Science of Theology 100) f; ^* w3 e5 O' ^# h3 R
Theology in Other Religions 102
9 E0 }7 F' t; \0 kPrinciples of Theocracy 103
1 z& ^+ \8 U- mEmpire and Papacy 105% s2 U* H! ]& ~+ d, t4 P5 `% {
Monasticism 106
) s/ S7 u4 ~, K2 @9 pCrusaders 109; K& Q7 M& z3 m% w) V/ Z+ G3 ?
Millennial Fears, Postmillennial
& t( G2 h# o5 S' k4 c5 PAchievements 1105 {  a& ^! F! W3 d: j% s& T
The Dispute about Truth 1125 `4 s- O4 D( q# Y7 m; _7 V. P( ]
Boethius 1139 Y3 ~7 Z: G. w# ]# K, x, a
Pseudo-Dionysius 113
: b6 m5 \! d6 g+ |& J% H# gAvicenna 1140 e  y; S$ F# q6 a2 A: x2 a
Contents
+ i! e  H9 X; g% |$ wPeter Abelard 115
$ F/ V- t, n* kBernard of Clairvaux 116
/ g5 W) m6 D* e6 ^2 qAverroes 117
; t% t" z+ z9 XThomas Aquinas 119
% V4 _* W2 `1 u8 l) o; hThe Pyrrhic Victory of Faith over Reason 122. `7 C, y5 B9 ?9 m2 ~$ {3 {, j
Dante's Dance 124; T( {6 C4 T0 I% }" `
6. What Was Reborn in the Renaissance?
" t9 I$ W! b# m- n/ kThe New Style in Painting: Perspective 128; |. w7 g: R3 ?! o0 g% s' x# f) y
Man in the Cosmos 129+ b; k+ J0 T$ |
The Revival of Classical Learning: Petrarch 130
2 r$ h' D& W# o- f! sInventing the Renaissance: Boccaccio 132. W+ g' v- m( x2 P) Q& g$ T
The Renaissance Man 134# `6 I  V1 g/ T$ N
Renaissance Men: Leonardo, Pico, Bacon 1375 x9 l. V& Q: y, r
The Renaissance Man and the Ideal of Liberal
. G0 U* e2 Y  |5 D# X7 h7 t4 bEducation 141& b8 _+ T" Z/ i: F5 P+ h
Renaissance Humanism 142, C, t7 `* S% K6 U9 \- {$ C) w: \
Montaigne 144
3 h% Y% R7 k6 z$ F; r# b# YShakespeare 1462 r" k3 h5 T% `
Cervantes 148: q) n3 l8 z1 I! @
The Black Death 151
. D8 d/ w/ l% U& y6 nGutenberg's Achievement 153# f( y7 ?3 K+ h
Renaissance Cities 1552 y# x2 y$ K: Z8 b. p# r1 y
Nation-States 1568 [/ N# N$ U- u6 W, `
The Crisis of the Theocratic State 158
- i# l1 Q' D- ^+ r5 zErasmus 159  L/ G7 p6 B; ]9 ^2 F. _# z6 c
Thomas More 160
4 p' b3 q/ T% p  s2 s& BHenry VIII 161: m0 {5 I  G7 L* Z- |) t
Martin Luther 163
( o/ u1 O) k! L: sTolerance and Intolerance 165
, ^# c0 p; ]+ p- ~2 [4 @3 UMan at the Center 166
, ~" o- r- K- l/ J5 ^0 @7 V" l6 C7. Europe Reaches Out6 Y: v8 L* ^$ }+ P: R9 e; v6 ~# W
Mongol Empires 169" f3 D0 F6 ~; ]% {8 \8 u: n
Marco Polo 170' J! p* v; y" x$ H" }
Voyages of Discovery 172
5 E& h' M6 @1 }) c& b( E$ [" qColumbus 174
* {5 z. P$ A& T6 C1 j! G+ GSailing Around the World 177
, q+ f* ^& O% B; ?1 [The Birth of World Trade 1783 P! H  p; a# n  W, P% t
Trade in Ideas 179: p# A  @, S# R1 v" |
Homage to Columbus 182
3 B4 `! ~( `& ~/ n' g* N8. The Invention of Scientific Method8 k/ G& d8 a4 A. m
The Meaning of Science 184
# R# i! a$ |- |- w* P# y; zThree Characteristics of Science 1876 L% Q0 r2 d! z; _7 {8 _, c
Aristotelian Science: Matter 1902 P, F3 ?; R; p" P% r
Aristotelian Motion 191
0 j6 V# ~3 n( V) O3 v! ~% dContents: l! Z/ ~; Y# W) s3 [
The Revolt Against Aristotle 192
) b# z. ?  ^) {! a- Y% DCopernicus 195. r7 O$ ?3 y. `1 X: \) x
Tycho Brahe 1961 F4 {$ @- M2 F: z9 L
Gilbert 197
& A6 ~$ y) B: f% uKepler 1982 t1 u# k" h1 Q( B% `! C3 y' h
Galileo 199
7 W4 ?# y- b& |4 W* Q- l$ LDescartes 203
6 R- \6 ~5 Q1 I/ i. _& `, c3 \Newton 205: r3 A6 y/ L8 G- p6 {& P' P
Rules of Reason 209! h% O4 ~3 Z0 ~$ s: o
The Galilean-Cartesian Revolution 211
1 M( B! w9 u+ ]7 V- Z9. An Age of Revolutions 213
, W/ B7 K4 F. {0 \3 q* z1 G5 eThe Industrial Revolution 213
/ M  f: }3 p' H. N) c  F9 HHuman Machines and Mechanical Humans 214
, J1 |" r' G5 P  ^, SAn Age of Reason and Revolution 216( z) A" V* Z- b) ]
John Locke and the Revolution of 1688 218
$ e! x; h1 m' X% J; GProperty, Government, and Revolution 220' ~) T3 j# V. v( r" o
Two Kinds of Revolution 222" G3 q+ p7 \* p. H# C; [: R
Thomas Jefferson and the Revolution
# E' V, c) \8 O! k2 i$ \of 1776 223* ^$ A3 q' s# Z+ p6 G6 ^
The Declaration of Independence 224. a+ S1 E, L/ |' S1 I+ e8 J
Property in Rights 226
  q9 L/ m; d- \3 [! HRobespierre, Napoleon, and the Revolution
6 f8 M6 U, V# l  f% wof 1789 228
# [* q) E6 [" D+ u2 v4 o5 x& bThe Rise of Equality 2324 Z+ }0 j' Y% v% W, L/ [8 u
Mozart's Don Giovanni 234
8 g( u! E1 m8 P4 cGoethe's Faust 238% R- a+ O6 A& w0 E% ]! I
10. The Nineteenth Century: Prelude to Modernity 243
5 t; `8 p6 q% c, H; G8 Y1 k  vThe Difference Money Makes 244
9 K4 B$ |, C/ G2 VEconomic Life Before 1800: The Peasant 245
0 w; [* W5 W* g$ A4 p& aThe Lord 247
5 Q; Y8 H/ q! [& s$ Z, C& Y# T- G: HThe Cleric 248
; u  J! y: l+ RThe King 248! q! o0 N; o  O3 A! @3 @+ f) {2 Q
The Merchant 249$ h% e  O+ m# s9 [4 a" G: H: `1 z! k
The Rise of the Labor Market: Economics 251/ |3 P/ o- m& W) q7 N+ o
Faustian Development 255
( W2 g1 G% p6 ?( W! tMarxism: Theory and Practice 2570 j6 z: U$ B# f, F8 L
Marxian Insights 261
/ s9 a. W4 N) J/ @$ f6 {# A$ o3 qEconomic Facts: Steam Power 264! j% o* |5 i& d
Equality in the Muzzle of a Gun 266
' T  v, p5 H# S$ s& I2 i3 rThe Magic of Electricity 269- ]! K' V/ D! e/ k! D+ u$ l0 S
Magical Mathematics 271* D0 X# _" [" F: B
New Ways of Seeing 273; ?7 ]3 L# }$ ?0 @; l/ S
The End of Slavery 275/ ^5 \% v- `9 k9 c
Shocking the Bourgeoisie 278
$ j8 W7 k* W- I9 HDarwin and Freud 280
+ n6 ]; d  `4 M8 R" dContents XI
3 p" |' G8 w4 p9 m" k0 z11. The World in 1914 284& s+ [8 L% u! c, @! o+ ~* g
Economic Divisions 284( r  p: N- i7 e. |
The Study of War 285/ N# i) i# Q2 q2 L5 h7 T# C" l1 P0 E
Colonialism 287% t) o1 K2 a9 W3 M, }; d' B, Q
The Boer War 289! `; ~% v$ U/ L4 {
The Powder Keg of Europe 289
7 X  g" ?) K$ J7 g9 K) l8 XCharacter of the 1914-1918 War 291
6 O* _% T; H' g' yThoughts on War and Death 292. \3 S# x2 P4 ^, H9 [
Causes of War 2952 }0 u2 W; V; s( r
12. The Twentieth Century: The Triumph of 'Democracy 2979 r* M) e5 I- w3 I" `" u
The Progress of Democracy 299
4 w1 `) Q1 F* b+ `0 MCommunism 304
  q4 ^  }) ~; W$ G' Y" ]" W3 ETotalitarianism 307
5 G& E, _8 @1 \3 ^Theocracy in the Twentieth Century 311
% D' M1 g/ ^8 M& J0 hEconomic Justice 313
" {* I& L+ C  w% NWhy Not World Government? 314. {0 _& D7 }4 s+ h$ g' a
One World, One Human Race 317
: @5 `+ r- I1 \% p' F/ K& Y13. The Twentieth Century: Science and Technology 321: d" P* Y( V* h# l$ ]; f
Greek Atomic Theory 321
/ x3 q. W7 N5 v1 k7 BThe Revival of Atomic Theory 323/ s: t+ |; X9 v% a* a5 a- ~
What Einstein Did 325+ b* L# x4 }' I
What the Bomb Taught Us 327" ^  m7 Y" \# N8 r
The Problem of Life ' 328! x# m) i  {- f
The Science of Heredity 329. H' u' h/ R# y2 S
How DNA Works 330
/ D! T/ ]7 R+ q& a" xThe Size of the Universe 332, M- d) Z/ H$ P& p5 {3 }
Galaxies 332
4 ?5 J( O1 z: d  w' MThe Smallness of Earth 334
) C; T- E& `. M6 iThe Big Bang and the Primordial Atom 334
4 ^# i$ q6 J! D1 n/ @Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle 337
4 V( ~# G+ y' h0 [& YUncertainties of Knowledge 3384 A6 W  S, V8 d8 H! p. ?- y
One Giant Step 341% `( K6 O# C* t) M) o
Green Rebellion 342
. F" c$ V$ O' U7 a( H% w" DThe Terrestrial Greenhouse 343
1 T; L9 N% o& V* WDigital Computers and Knowledge 345
+ W6 U5 G# ~% f! A/ t6 uTuring Machines 348& u; b( n- x2 [, T6 F
Technological Dependence 350
1 V7 @2 |7 Y! H/ l1 ITriumphs of Medicine 351
7 q  ~, t+ |3 c, T2 U2 b1 P$ YDrug Cultures 3535 U% [. I- U. ?7 t1 ~) S! _( C( z  Z
The AIDS Challenge 354
1 C& P% Z! e' _# ?  x4 L3 o3 ?xii Contents' a, Z& A$ Z1 U6 g; p, d
14. The Twentieth Century: Art and the Media 356
# J# i% ]2 K6 {/ B# wThe Media and Their Messages 356
9 ?+ c: m: J$ d+ i: kA Visual Revolution: Picasso, Braque, Cubism 3592 Q+ H/ j6 h# z5 A! ]% b
Pollock, Rothko, and the Hexagonal Room 361
( A: k) [  B6 U/ S! UUrban Revolution:) Q) R1 W) w2 d, Z* N; i. h
The Bauhaus and Le Corbusier 363
  |) s  I3 _" L# B% xLiterary Prophets: Yeats 365' T: b( c' z- S* o6 t. P
A Passage to India 3667 z( v! |* J, b2 Y- m2 x2 [
The Castle and the Magician 367$ [& {! C  p8 p" D3 t; X: u
Waiting for Godot 369 "$ I& k6 p0 Z: k" j4 |4 r; Y" e
Mass Media and Education 370
; F) p3 C5 F: L; u# w6 g15. The Next Hundred Years 3753 i# {& f, U4 R& W; a
Computers: The Next Stage 377
5 k+ X- |% x4 e$ S, j' B0 d. ^" AThe Moral Problem of Intelligent Machines 379
* I' f8 w) {2 n$ fCompanion Computers 379$ S3 v: @# B, X4 P$ E% u5 X( I9 Q( k
The Birth of Thinking Machines 381
( Z& S( N) j: a: T) h! k/ ]Three Worlds: Big, Little, Middle-sized 3834 s3 g% b0 J  Q! P0 }
Chaos, a New Science 3847 E6 `6 H) X) W) g1 T; K# U5 X$ e3 D5 Z
Mining Language: Ideonomy 386
. X4 _  ]3 S$ p- }Exploring the Solar System 3874 j! U/ o0 d+ q, I
The Message? 390& N0 b, A! W9 E0 O5 N  C
Man as a Terrestrial Neighbor 392) P8 c  f9 m+ g' Q9 u, j
The Gaia Hypothesis 395
9 {5 z" J  I" g0 f3 A$ m% SGenetic Engineering 397
5 Y0 A  l: d  KEugenics 398" c* l3 X& o( N# u9 N7 g  u
Mapping the Genome 400" O' w/ g, G; t. ]
Democracy and Eugenics 402
2 B, g; [8 K# h% O+ _4 ^: vSpeed 4031 T  @- i5 b) R& x
Addictions 406) M- a* u8 K8 D9 o5 v
War in the Twenty-first Century 408
: k5 f( R3 H: xComputer Revolt 410/ K; Z  B  t" H7 e& O& D
Index 413
* F- G* Y$ ?& {, A1 B: Y" BAcknowledgments* x- M* Q2 E. K* _) \. W
THIS BOOK is the result of a lifetime of reading, thinking, and talking.! c) D/ q1 b( D& @' y
Its seeds were planted nearly fifty years ago, when I was a student at# M: p. F1 ~; W- ]2 @0 a
St. John's College and was introduced to the world of ideas by Scott$ A, G4 b0 ~' n7 b4 z' V
Buchanan, Jacob Klein, and Richard Scofield.+ X) s$ W8 ~( P* Q: c* W* |
I made my first acquaintance with the literature of universal history% O3 A4 {2 V7 O& n# B$ F
thirty years ago, when I was writing The Idea of Progress (Praeger, 1967).7 m$ M5 g* f" E/ A& Z3 h
My mentor at the time—as he continues to be today—was Mortimer J.
1 D# I8 j0 o" E% O* T9 V3 u9 sAdler. We have discussed many of the themes treated here repeatedly over
2 G- V  I3 d+ ?3 j1 u' Dthe years, and he has given me many useful bibliographical suggestions.: V2 l& F- V- Y6 Q+ ?, u
We have agreed on many points, and differed on others. His intellectual
8 b9 u+ T/ J! Z0 M0 P: M, r7 |judgments are represented in many places in this book, usually without
* L( Q& n; i, H0 Kcredit. I offer it here.
$ z, H# {+ ?( W! a+ ~7 SStudents of the history of knowledge owe much to the work of F. J.% B0 V+ k. J5 V* F* u% {
Teggart and G. H. Hildebrand, whose carefully chosen collection of. A8 ~) {5 r4 B& q7 \2 \) d$ a# \' U
classic readings, The Idea of Progress (University of California Press, 1949)," r. T3 I: b; o0 `  @
is a consistently useful guide to works from three millennia.
8 m( C4 w; ?" h' a# kFor broad interpretations of this literature I am indebted to many
, c: [' R  @2 i$ R, L+ @philosophical historians, from Ibn Khaldun to Oswald Spengler, from* s3 M! y# o# r$ o4 ^
Arnold J. Toynbee to Fernand Braudel. The last, in particular, taught me' ?! C$ _6 y' i1 j/ O
to pay close attention to the small details of everyday life, which tell us so7 {2 Y( Y% W4 N8 T
much about the way people live, whatever they say or write.8 V* i6 U0 e% \5 G$ O! c2 h% w- B
For the history of science, I am indebted to various works by James
% x2 m, u0 ?$ r- l0 z9 jBurke (especially Connections, Little Brown, 1978), Herbert Butterfield# z8 F* K- W; x. b6 g1 |. Y
(especially The Origins of Modern Science, Macmillan, 1951), and Erwin
3 r) p. W! ^( V! S' \, BSchrodinger (especially Nature and the Greeks, Cambridge, 1954).
4 G5 V- w  P9 e7 j! h( Y+ aAmong anthropologists, I have learned most from Bronislaw Malinowski,
4 k8 X2 O+ }+ `2 lClaude Levi-Strauss, and Lord Raglan, author of The Hero (Vintage,6 I3 C9 O; _2 F& Y3 s1 E  i$ G0 |
1956). Robert L. Heilbroner's The Worldly Historians (Simon and Schuster,
6 H; r/ Q2 N- a& V1953, 1986) has helped me to understand and utilize a number of works in
" x. \' F" ^# z" y+ [# Weconomics.
. n. h, G9 k& l3 y: YEvery time I reread Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media
# _+ O  Q: @0 T1 S6 z$ E5 O: |(McGraw Hill, 1965) I am again impressed by the power of his insights! b2 f2 x% n. A2 S! V  _4 [
and the accuracy of his predictions.4 v) V4 Q1 U: b/ Q5 r6 @( u
Xlll8 b0 _4 X9 l$ [) p6 Q% `
xiv Acknowledgments. W8 D9 u( P% ]4 ?
No recent book about the worldwide experience of modernity seems to me
" i9 L# }6 u% U% `3 J* r' q! ^0 J. W4 vso thoughtful and provocative as Marshall Berman's All That Is Solid Melts Into3 ^3 V( Y# a: ?
Air (Simon & Schuster, 1982). I have not met its author, but I have engaged* o" u! ~+ c7 O1 ]6 Z* T
Professor Berman in many silent conversations in the watches of the night.  ]8 x6 X4 A7 V! T0 P
It was my brother, John Van Doren, who brought Berman's book to my
- v7 x" N: k; y0 ^$ ^. p- d" Cattention; he also made me read for the first time, many years ago, John) U5 C3 y$ `1 N1 U4 l# S9 e
Masefield's perfect lyric of world history, "Cargoes." I am grateful for, H7 l2 Y0 p0 M, H8 [9 y
these recommendations, among many others; for his thoughtful comments- x( m0 e4 l0 }8 C% u8 o
on parts of the manuscript; and for conversations over five decades,
8 J- y8 C8 O- j8 G# P7 y( {9 yduring which I doubtless got more than I gave.
! r( L& l" f# c/ yI am grateful, indeed, to all my friends and seminar students over the
/ y0 Z* w# ?5 h- K9 N- [( W4 apast six years who, in the course of discussions more or less formal and8 T! N2 t* f* V, m1 P- m
more or less heated, have given me ideas and helped me to understand6 d$ h" R6 N7 ~  l* s% i0 Q, ]
points that had baffled or irritated me. They could not have known this at
! E  Q# j+ R: {5 N4 W2 j  Y' jthe time, nor could I now more precisely enumerate my debts./ Y8 `, Y9 x& t  e6 i: ~( j+ |) ^
My twenty years as an editor of Encyclopaedia Britannica taught me. M8 A, {8 ]; x# o$ S" F$ T: o! k
much about many things. In particular I grew to have a profound respect not
; Q; C4 K7 @, W' G! k* P/ Wonly for my colleagues but also for the work that they produce. Hardly a day
3 z7 x9 S! V5 x0 Y# y! Xhas passed when I have not consulted the Britannica on some matter, major
: V  `$ B5 F( J& B; H& ~8 [or minor. I am well aware that the editors of Britannica have been engaged
+ r* K+ N! z4 afor more than two centuries in the same task that I have here undertaken for
+ @) o' F# B% b0 V* y: c( wmyself—that is, the preparation of a history of the knowledge of the human* C8 l+ R( a- ?% f' Z) W' w  |
race. They have, of course, gone about it in a very different way.
4 \: d- T; X% {- y5 F7 I) r( cIt is my pleasure to record here three other debts. The first is to Patrick" A/ W6 L3 i* Y
Gunkel, the inventor of ideonomy and my friend of two decades. In a6 G4 p9 O) M; }4 h: S/ L
hundred lengthy conversations over the years Pat has brought me to
+ I0 A$ Q" X1 R/ Munderstand that there is a history of the future as well as the past. I have
/ m$ ]$ P! `. d0 o  T) i3 _8 cshamelessly employed some of his insights, including the idea of companion! {7 A. I! ~( Z( I5 Y
computers (CCs). The most valuable thing he has taught me is that
7 b. u% _/ Q# {the future has a hard substantiality and may be even more intelligible
% X+ E& ?7 N' l, `+ c" B! Zthan the past. It is, of course, the present that is hardest to understand.6 j' g) t& R9 a  x% a$ B
I owe a large debt to my editors, Hillel Black and Donald J. Davidson,
. t/ S& \5 w% z2 T; M8 o. Pwho insisted ruthlessly on clarity and demanded that I write, rewrite, and
  V% o  @: v5 u* l: T7 Irewrite until they were satisfied I had said what I intended. If the book$ f; B# R# g& s& F2 _% `
has merit, they deserve much of the credit. Its faults are mine alone.
7 s" u2 K  w$ }: [My wife, Geraldine, read every page of the manuscript twice and made5 ?0 E  Q0 I$ }: h/ U+ R# n
a thousand suggestions, most of which I adopted. More important, she) S+ S0 J( f( l" `" _+ \: k
allowed me to experiment with ideas, as I proposed theses that either6 b, B; e+ X" ~* q% w0 R# `% t7 U
outraged, delighted, or amused her. The book could not have existed: ?7 Y( c& _' O, J' c+ b  q
without her help.7 |+ W: \8 N: t0 E1 u8 w
Cornwall, Connecticut8 S6 V5 {" [* Z$ q5 p2 {7 G9 X

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