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ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS ebook 电子书代购

ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS ebook 电子书代购

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TRANSLATOR'S INTRODUCTION xv
MAIN TEXTS
PART 1: PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE LECTURE ON
TRANSCENDENTAL LOGIC
1. INTRODUCTION 1
2. "THINKING" AS THE THEME OF LOGIC. SPEAKING, THINKING, WHAT IS THOUGHT 8
3. THE IDEALITY OF LINGUISTIC PHENOMENA 10
4. THINKING AS A SENSE CONSTITUTING LIVED-EXPERIENCE 13
5. SENSE-CONSTITUTING LIVED-EXPERIENCES AS EGOIC ACTS 16
6. FOREGROUND LIVED-EXPERIENCES AND BACKGROUND LIVED-EXPERIENCES 19
7. THE INTERCONNECTION BETWEEN EXPRESSING AND SIGNIFYING AS THE UNITY OF AN EGOIC
ACT 22
8. THEME, INTEREST, INDICATION 25
9. THE REGRESSION FROM THEORETICAL LOGOS TO THE PRE-THEORETICAL SENSE-GIVING LIFE OF
CONSCIOUSNESS 27
10.PERCEPTION AND PERCEPTUAL SENSE 34
PART 2: ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSPVE SYNTHESIS: TOWARD A
TRANSCENDENTAL AESTHETIC
SELF-GIVING IN PERCEPTION 39
§ I. Original Consciousness and the Perspectival Adumbration of Spatial Objects 39
§2. The Relationship of Fullness and Emptiness in the Perceptual Process and the
Acquisition of Knowledge 44
§3. The Possibility of Our Acquired Knowledge Being Freely at Our Disposal 47
§4. The Relation of esse and percipi in Immanent and Transcendent Perception 53
V I I I ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS
Division I: Modalization
CHAPTER I: THE MODE OF NEGATION 63
§5. Disappointment as an Occurrence that Runs Counter to the Synthesis
of Fulfillment 63
§6. Partial Fulfillment—Conflict through Unexpected Sense Data—Restored Concordance .. 66
§7. Retroactive Crossing Out in the Retentional Sphere and the Transformation of the
Previous Perceptual Sense 69
CHAPTER 2: THE MODE OE DOUBT 72
§8. Conflict hetween Two Superimposed Perceptual Apprehensions Having the Same
Hyletic Stock 72
§9. Resolving Doubt through the Transition to a Ratifying Certainty or Negation 75
CHAPTER 3: THE MODE OE POSSIBILITY 79
§10.Open Possibilities as the Indeterminate Scope of Intentional Prefiguring 79
§I 1.Enticing Possibilities as the Tendencies to Believe within Doubt 81
§12.The Contrast between Open and Enticing Possibilities 83
§13. Modes of Certainty As Such in Their Relation to Enticing and Open Possibilities 84
CHAPTER 4: PASSIVE AND ACTIVE MODALIZATION 92
§14. Position-Taking of the Ego as the Active Response to the Modal Modifications of
Passive Doxa 92
§15. Questioning as a Multi-Layered Striving toward Overcoming Modalization
through a Judicative Decision 99
Division 2: Evidence
CHAPTER I: THE STRUCTURE OF FULFILLMENT 106
§16. Fulfillment: Syntheses of Empty Presentation and Corresponding Intuition 106
§ 17. Description of the Possible Types of Intuition 110
§ 18. Description of the Possible Types of Empty Presentation 113
CHAPTER 2: PASSIVE AND ACTIVE INTENTIONS AND THE FORMS OF THEIR CONFIRMATION AND
VERIFICATION 121
§19. Picturing, Clarifying, and Confirmation in the Syntheses of Bringing to Intuition 121
§20. Intention Toward Fulfillment is the Intention Toward Self-Giving 126
§21. Epistemic Striving and Striving after the Effective Realization of the Presented Object. 130
§22. The Different Relationships of Intention and the Intended Self. Secondary Verification 136
CHAPTER 3: THE PROBLEM OF DERNITIVENESS IN EXPERIENCE 145
§23. The Problematic Character of a Verification that is Possible for All Intentions and Its
Consequence for Belief in Experience 145
§24. Development of the Problem of the In-itself for the Immanent Sphere 154
§25. Rememberings as the Source for an In-Itself of Objects 157
TABLE OF CONTENTS ix
Division 3: Association
CHAPTER I. PRIMORDIAL PHENOMENA AND FORMS OF ORDER WITHIN PASSIVE SYNTHESIS ] 62
§26. The Position and the Delimitation of Themes Concerning a Phenomenological
Doctrine of Association 162
§27.The Presuppositions of Associative Synthesis. The Syntheses of Original Time-
Consciousness 170
§28. Syntheses of Homogeneity in the Unity of a Streaming Present 174
§29. Primordial Forms of Order. Supplementing the Previous: The Phenomenon of
Contrast 179
§30. Individuation in Succession and Coexistence 189
§31. Problems of a Phenomenology of Sense-Fields 193
CHAPTER 2: THE PHENOMENON OF AFFECTION 196
§32. Affection as Effecting an Allure on the Ego. Contrast as its Fundamental
Condition 196
§33. Laws of the Propagation of Affection 198
§34. The Problem of the Relationship between Affection and the Formation of Unity 207
§35.The Gradation of Affection in the Living Present and in the Retentional Process 214
CHAPTER 3: THE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF AFFECTIVE AWAKENING AND REPRODUCTIVE
ASSOCIATION 221
§36.The Function of Awakening in the Living Present 221
§37. Retroactive Awakening of the Empty Presentations in the Distant Sphere 226
§38. The Transition of Awakened Empty Presentations in Rememberings 230
§39. The Difference Between Continuous and Discontinuous Awakening 233
CHAPTER 4: THE PHENOMENON OF EXPECTATION 235
§40. Motivational Causality Peculiar to Expectations 235
§41 Strengthening and Inhibiting Expeclational Belief. The Function of Expectation
for the Formation of Configurations 238
Division 4: The In-Itself of the Stream of Consciousness
CHAPTER 1: ILLUSION IN THE REALM OF REMEMBERING 243
U §42. Overlapping. Fusion, and Conflict of Rememberings of Different Pasts 243
§43. The Possibilities of a Repressed Memory Breaking through to Intuition.
The Disclosure of Illusion Ihrough the Transition to Higher Levels of Clarity 249
CHAPTER 2: THE TRUE BEING OF THE SYSTEM OF THE IMMANENT PAST 252
§44. Confirmation of Self-Givennesses by Expanding into the Outer Horizon, on the
One hand, and by Approximating the Idea of Absolute Clarity, on the Other 252
§45. The Primordial Transcendence of the Past of Consciousness and the Idea of its
Complete Self-Giving 255
CHAPTER 3: THE PROBLEM OF A TRUE BEING FOR THE FUTURE OF CONSCIOUSNESS 263
§46. Disappointment as an Essential Moment of Expectation 263
§47. The Constitution of the Objective World in Its Significance for the Determinate
Prefiguring of Futural Consciousness 264
TRANSITIONAL MI-:THOI)OI.(K;ICAL CONSIDERATIONS 269
X ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS
§48. Consciousness as a Storied Structure of Constitutive Accomplishments.
The Disciplines of a Systematic Investigation 269
PART 3: ANALYSES CONCERNING ACTIVE SYNTHESIS: TOWARD A
TRANSCENDENTAL, GENETIC LOGIC
INTRODUCTION. CIRCUMSCRIBING THE INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE ACTIVE EGO 275
§49.The Relation between Activity and Passivity 275
§50. The Constitutive Accomplishments of Affect-Consciousness. Affection of
Feeling and Turning Toward in Feeling. Will and Desire 277
§51.Playful and Positional Consciousness 283
CHAPTER V. ACTIVE OBJECTWATION 287
§52. Cognitive Interest and Striving for Knowledge 287
§53. Explicative Acquisition of Knowledge 290
§54. The Active Synthesis of Identification. The Most Strict Sense of Objectivation 293
CHAPTER 2: THE FUNDAMENTAL STRUCTURES AND FUNDAMENTAL FORMS OF JUDGMENT 298
§55. The Possible Objectivation of Judgment and of its Components. Syntactic
Matter, Syntactic Form, and Syntagma 298
§56.The Ideality of the Judicative Proposition in the Sense of Omni-Temporality 302
§57.The Forms of Judgment Issuing from Determinative and Total Identifications 304
CHAPTER 3: THE SYNTACTIC AND THE OBJECT-THEORETICAL DIRECTIONS OF EXAMINATION 311
§58. Sensible and Intellectual Objects. Substrate-Objects and Determination-Objects.
Independent and Non-independent Objects 311
? §59. Whole and Part. Sets as Special Cases of Wholes 316
§60. Non-independent MembeTs of Judgment, Independent Judgments and Interconnections
of Judgment 323
§61.Logical Sense 328
§62.The Distinction between State-of-affairs and Judicative Proposition 333
CHAPTER 4: THE GRADATION OF OBJECTIVATION 337
§63. Two Dimensions of the First Level of Objectivation: Mere Intuition and the Dimension
of Explicative Examination 337
§64. The Second Level of Objectivation: Active Relating and Determining. The Task
of a Universal Theory of Relation 340
§65. The Third Level of Objectivation. The Conceptualizing Judgment on the Basis
of the Consciousness of the Universal 346
a. Relations of Comparison, Association of Similarity as its Foundation and Direction
of Interest toward the Universal 346
b. The Universal as a Novel Intellectual Object 350
c. As-Such-Judgments 353
TABLE OF CONTENTS xj
SUPPLEMENTARY TEXTS
SECTION 1. FIRST VERSION OF MAIN TEXT PART 2 (1920/21)
1. The Misunderstanding of Modalities of Being by Logicians and Epistemological
Psychologists 357
2. Non-Prominence and the Prominence of Sense and Modes of Being for
Consciousness 361
3. The Modalization of Immanent Objects 363
4. "Types of Lived-Experience" are not Empirical Facts, but Formal Structures of
Consciousness as Such 365
5. Presentifications as Necessary Components of Perceptual Lived-Experience 367
6. Presentifications as Independent (Concrete) Lived-Experiences. Concrete Retention
and its Modalization 368
7. Empty. Concrete Expectation. Its Modalization 371
8. Concrete, Empty Presentifications of What is (Temporally) Present. Its Modalization 372
9. Even the Presentifications of Something Present are Universal Occurrences of
Consciousness 374
10? Fundamental Types of "Presentations" 375
IT) Fulfilling and Merely Disclosive Intuitions 379
(\lS Further Clarification of the Difference Between Fulfillment and Disclosure 382
13. The Passive Processes of Experience 385
1,4. Transcendental Logic (Comprehensive Reiteration) 387
15, Corroboration and Verification 391
16; The Question Concerning the Verifiability of Experiential Belief 393
17. The Problem of the In-ltself of One's Own Past. Evidence in Remembering 400
18. Consciousness of the Memorial Illusion 402
19. Remembering and Association 404
20. Kant's Doctrine of the Synthesis of Productive Imagination 410
2J. Development of the Problem of the In-Itself for the Immanent Sphere 411
22; Rememberings as the Source for an In-Itself of Objects 414
23. Immediate and Mediate Awakening 417
24. Association in the Impressional Sphere. Its Significance for Remembering and
Analogizing Protention 419
25. The Lawful Regularity of Retention 422
26. Expectation and Association 424
SECTION 2: APPENDICES
A. APPENDICES TO PART 2 425
Appendix 1: To §§6-8
Descriptions of the Phenomenon of Conflict without Regard to Position-Taking 425
Appendix 2: To §§8-11
Sense and Modality of Being in Perception and Remembering 431
X I I ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS
Appendix 3: To §11
Evidence of Possibilities as Such and Modal Modification in infinitum 436
Appendix 4: To §§14 and 15
Levels of Decision. Receptivity and Spontaneity 439
Appendix 5: To §16
Intuitive Presentations and Empty Presentations 445
Appendix 6: To §16
Sense and Intuition 447
Appendix 7: To §20
Belief and Intention 449
Appendix 8: To §§24 and 25
The Apodiciicity of Remembering , 451
1. The Consequences of the Assuming that Remembering is Dubious 451
2. Two Types of Transcendental Reduction with Respect to Remembering 452
3. Evidences within the Flux of Perception and the Expression Belonging to It 454
4. Remembering as Reproduction and its Relation to Retention 458
5. Levels of Clarity of Remembering 460
6. Deception and Apodicticity in Remembering 461
7. The Modes of the Past of Something Repeatedly Remembered 463
8. Remembering and its Horizon of Expectation 463
9. Remembering Distant Pasts 465
10. The Immortality of the Transcendental Ego—The Impossibility of the Transcendental
Ego Being Born 466
11. Apodicticity of Remembering on the One Hand, Expectation on the Other 471
12. Recapitulation ? 472
Appendix 9: To §25
Both Variations of Modes of Givenness:
(1) of Proximity and Distance with Clarity
(2) of Obscurity as Veiledness. Nebulousness 474
Appendix 10: To §25
Possession of the Self and Concealment in Remembering. Reproduction and Retention 475
Appendix 11: To §26
The Concept of Associative Causality 477
Appendix 12: To §27
Note an (he Fundamental Founding of the Doctrine of Original Time-consciousness 479
Appendix 13: To §27
Primordial Present and Retentions 479
Appendix 14: To §27
The Accomplishment of the Association of Simultaneity 482
Appendix 15: To §27
Unitary Consciousness and its Correlate: the Identical Object 486
Appendix 16: To §28
On the Connection of Similarity 491
Appendix 17: To §28
Sensible Connection of Similarity. Sensible Uniformity und Eidos 495
TABLE OF CONTENTS xiii
Appendix 18: To §28
Association and Synthesis 505
Appendix 19: To §§28. 29. 31-36
On the Phenomenology of Association 512
Appendix 20: To §30
Time as the Form of Individuality and the Subjective Transformation 519
Appendix 21: To §§33 and 34
Sensible. Multi-Radiating Affection. Sensible Group—Genuine Collective
Objectlike Formation 520
Appendix 22: To §35
The Empty Horizon and the Knowledge of It 524
Appendix 23: To §35
On Questioning the Potentiality of the Empty Horizon 530
Appendix 24: To §37
Effect and Cause of Awakening 531
Appendix 25: To §40
Kinaestheses and Potential Expectations 534
Appendix 26: To §45
Repetition and Essential Identity of Rememberings 536
Appendix 27: To §45
Two Fundamental Concepts of Evidence: Self-Givenness as Such and Pure Self-Giving 538
Appendix 28: To §47
The Problems of the Definite Determinability of the World 541
B. APPENDICES TO PART 3 548
Appendix 29: To §52
Theme and Theoretical Interest 548
Appendix 30: To §54
Determining as Cognitive Act 549
Appendix 31: To §55
Syntactic Formation 551
Appendix 32: To §56
The Ideality of the Objects of Sense and the Ideality of the Species 553
Appendix 33: To §57
Main and Subordinate Determination and the Division into Main and Subordinate Clause.... 554
Appendix 34: To §58
Absolute Substrates and Substrates as Determinations that have Become Independent 556
Appendix 35: To §§59 and 65b)
Multiplicity and Judgments of Multiplicity 559
Appendix 36: To §59
Set and Whole 562
Appendix 37: To §§63 and 64
Object and Content of Interest 566
Appendix 38: To §64
Categorial and Non-Categorial Connections and Relations 573
Appendix 39: To §64
The Task of a Theory of Relation 575
XIV ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS
SECTION 3. RELATED ESSAYS
A. PERCEPTION AND ITS PROCESS OF SELF-GIVING
I Immanent and Transcendent Perception
2. Temporal and Spatial Perspectives
3. Time and Space as principia individuationis.
B. CONSCIOUSNESS AND SENSE - SENSE AND NOEMA ..
1. Perception and Memory
2. Presentification and Pictorial Imaging
3. Self-Forgetful Remembering
4. The Complexity of the Ego
5. Memories of the Future and Memories of the Present
6. The Clarification of the Immanent Sense-Structure of Memories...
7. Time as the Form of all Senses of the Object
8. Now and Originariness
9. Time-Consciousness
10. The Structure of Perception and Consciousness in General
11. Noematic and Noetic Directions of Description
12. Identical Sense and Noematic Modes
13. Primordial Impression, Retention. Protention
14. Retention and Remembering
15. Remembering and Objectivation. "Object."
16. The Temporal Extension of the Object as the Extension of Sense..
17. Reproductive Sense and Modes of the Past
18. The Noematic Attitude
19. The Object-Pole. Whether the Objective Sense is Ideally Identical
SECTION 4. ON STATIC AND GENETIC PHENOMENOLOGICAL METHOD
A. STATIC AND GENETIC PHENOMENOLOGICAL METHOD 624
B. THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF MONADIC INDIVIDUALITY AND THE PHENOMENOLOGY
OF THE GENERAL POSSIBILITIES AND COMPOSSIBILITIES OF LIVED-EXPERIENCES.
STATIC AND GENETIC PHENOMENOLOGY 635
C. THE INTERSUBJECTIVE VALIDITY OF PHENOMENOLOGICAL TRUTH 646
INDEX 649
TRANSLATOR'S INTRODUCTION
The Analyses Concerning Passive and Active Synthesis was
Edmund Husserl's phenomenological investigation into the origin
of truth. We find here an early indication of an historical reflection
and the identification of a "crisis," the description of primordial
dimensions of experience, the genealogy of judgment, and the
employment of a new, genetic phenomenological method. While a
large portion of the material comprised under this heading is a
translation of Husserliana XI, Analysen zur passiven Synthesis, it
also includes essential additions to the main text of Husserl's
lecture, some supplements, and a partial reorganization of the
material.
The "Translator's Introduction" is offered as an orientation to
this work. This Introduction is divided into four sections. Section
1 situates the work historically and conceptually, discusses its
composition and revised title, and provides a basic overview of
material making up this lecture. Section 2 situates the Analyses in
the context of a genetic phenomenology, since it is this methodological
approach that enables the description of phenomena
treated in the Analyses. Section 3 elaborates upon the novel and
significant themes in these lectures, such as passivity, affective
allure, association, motivation, the unconscious, etc. Section 4
includes final editorial notes on the translation and my acknowledgements.
Rather than reserving a special section to explain the
translation of various key terms, I integrate this clarification into
the course of the explications of sections 2 and 3, and on occasion,
discuss them in footnotes appended to the translated text.
1. The Historical and Conceptual Context
Presented here as Analyses Concerning Passive and Active
Synthesis: Lectures on Transcendental Logic is one of Edmund
Husserl's most renowned series of lectures presented in the 1920s.
xvi ANALYSES CONCERNING PASSIVE AND ACTIVE SYNTHESIS
Offered three times. Winter Semester 1920/21, Summer Semester
1923. and Winter Semester 1925/26, Husserl's lectures are
virtually contemporaneous with writings devoted to the problem
of "intersubjectivity" and "individuation" (1921-1927) his

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